Journal of
Microbiology and Antimicrobials

  • Abbreviation: J. Microbiol. Antimicrob.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2308
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 160

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of the antimicrobial properties of fractions obtained from bryophytes

Olofin, T. A.*, Akande, A. O. and Oyetayo, V. O.
  University of Ado-Ekiti and The Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 702, Akure, Nigeria
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 04 December 2012
  •  Published: 30 May 2013

Abstract

 

Water, ethanol and acetone extracts were obtained from 10 selected bryophytes (seven mosses and three liverworts) viz: Radula flacida, Cyatodium africanum, Frullania spongiosa, Thuidium gratum, Ectropothecium aeruginosum, Sematophyllum caespitosum, Stereophyllum radiculosum, Babula lamberenensis, Campilopus aspericuspis and Calymperes erosum. A total of 24 fractions of various colors were obtained through a column chromatography. The antimicrobial efficacy of these fractions was assessed against Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, Penicillum notatum and Mucor rouxii. Fractions obtained from R. flacida suppressed the growth of C. albicans, S. aureus and M. rouxii. Cyatodium aficanumwas also effective against M. rouxii. None of the fractions of these plants could antagonize the growth of P. notatum. The results obtained from this study indicate that effective antimicrobial compounds can be sourced from R. flacida and C. africanum.

 

Key words: Water, ethanol, acetone extracts, bryophytes, antimicrobial efficacy.