Journal of
Mechanical Engineering Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Mech. Eng. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2383
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMER
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 119

Full Length Research Paper

Prediction and optimization of weld bead geometry in gas metal arc welding process using RSM and fmincon

P. Sreeraj
  • P. Sreeraj
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Valia Koonambaikulathamma College of Engineering Technology, Kerala, 692574 India.
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T. Kannan
  • T. Kannan
  • SVS College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, 642109 India.
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Subhasis Maji
  • Subhasis Maji
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering IGNOU, Delhi, 110068, India.
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  •  Accepted: 27 September 2013
  •  Published: 30 November 2013



Cladding is a surface modification process in which a specially designed alloy is surface welded in order to enhance corrosion resistant properties. Common cladding techniques include Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW), submerged arc welding (SAW) and gas metal arc welding (GMAW). Because of high reliability, easiness in operation, high penetration good surface finish and high productivity gas metal arc welding became a natural choice for fabrication industries. This paper presents central composite rotatable design with full replication techniques to predict four critical dimensions of bead geometry. The second order regression method was developed to study the correlations. The developed models have been checked for adequacy and significance. The main and interaction effects of process variables and bead geometry were presented in graphical form. Using fmincon function the process parameters were optimized.
Key words: Gas metal arc welding (GMAW), weld bead geometry, mathematical model.