Journal of
Mechanical Engineering Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Mech. Eng. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2383
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMER
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 118

Full Length Research Paper

Investigation of compressive properties of 3D fiber reinforced polymeric (FRP) composites through combined end and shear loading

S. Z. H. Shah
  • S. Z. H. Shah
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Science and Technology Islamabad 4400, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
R. S. Choudhry
  • R. S. Choudhry
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Science and Technology Islamabad 4400, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
L. A. Khan
  • L. A. Khan
  • Advanced Composites Research, Centre of Excellence in Applied Sciences and Technology (CESAT), Islamabad 4400, Pakistan
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 01 May 2015
  •  Accepted: 14 June 2015
  •  Published: 31 August 2015


Anthoine O, Grandidie JC, Daridon L (1998). Pure Compression Testing Of Advanced Fiber Composites. Compos. Sci. Technol. 58:735-740(6).
ASTM D6641, Standard test method for determining the compressive properties of polymer matrix composites laminates using a combined loading compression (CLC) test fixture.
Brandt J, Drechsler K, Arendts Fa-J (1996). Mechanical performance of composites based on various three-dimensional woven fibre preforms. Comp. Sci. Tech. 56:381-38.
Callus PJ, Mouritz AP, Bannister MK, Leong KH (1999). Tensile properties and failure mechanisms of 3D woven GRP composites; Part A, 30:1277-1287.
Cox BN, Dadhkak MS, Morris WL, Flintoff JG (1994). Failure mechanisms of 3D woven composites in tension, compression and bending. Acta Metal. Mat. 42:3967-3984.
Cox BN, Dadkhah MS, Inman RV, Morris WL, Zupon J (1992). Mechanisms of compressive failure in 3D composites. Acta Metal. Mat. 40:3285-3298.
Farley GL, Smith BT, Maiden J (1992). Compression response of thick layer composite laminates with through-the-thickness reinforcement. J. Rein. Plast Comp. 11:787-810.
Fredrik S (2009). An Introduction to the Mechanics of 3D-Woven Fibre Reinforced Composites. ISBN 978-91-7415-295-1.
Gerlach R, Clive R, Siviour CR, Petrinic N, Jens W (2012). In-plane and through-thickness properties, failure modes, damage and delamination in 3D woven carbon fiber composites subjected to impact loading. 72:397-411.
Guess TR, Reedy ED (1986). Additional comparisons of interlocked fabric and laminated fabric Kevlar epoxy composites. J. Comp. Tech. Res. 8:163-168.
Harper JF, Miller NA, Yap SC (1993). Problems associated with the compression testing of fibers reinforced plastics composites. 12:15-29.
Isaac MD, Jyi-iin L, Patrick MS (2008). Three dimensional characterization of textile composites, Part B. 39:13-19.
Kuo WS, Fang H, Lin HW (2003). Failure behavior of 3D woven composites under transverse shear Composite Part A, Appl. Sci. Manufact, 34(7):561-575.
Kuo WS, Ko TH (2000). Compressive damage in 3-axis orthogonal fabric composites. Compos. Appl. Sci. Manufact. 31:1091-1105.
Liyoung T, Adrian PM, Micahael KB (2002). 3D fibers reinforced polymer composites. Elsevier. ISBN 0-08 043938-1.
Mahadik Y, Hallett SR (2011). Effect of fabric compaction and yarn waviness on 3D woven composite compressive properties. Part A, 42:1592-1600.
Mahmood HD (2010). Mechanics of fibrous composites. ISBN 1-85166-600-1.
Nisitan H, Kim YH, Goto H (2003). Effects of gage length and stress concentration on the compressive strength of a unidirectional CFRP. 49:953-961.
Rudov-Clark S, Mouritz AP (2008). Tensile fatigue properties of a 3D orthogonal woven composite. Composites: Part A 39:1018-1024.
Seng CT (1992). Stress analysis and the testing of Celanese and IITRI compression Specimen. 44:57-70.
Tan P, Tong L, Steven GP, Ishikawa T (2000). Behavior of 3D orthogonal woven CFRP composites. Part A Exper. Invest. 31:259-271.
U.S. Department of Federal Aviation Administration (2002). Tabbing Guide for Composite Test Specimens. Office of Aviation Research Washington, D.C. 20591. DOT/FAA/AR-02/106.
Yehia AB-E, Mohammed AZ (2008). Impact-induced deformation field in 2D and 3D woven composites. Compos. Sci. Technol. 63:923-942.