Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3654

Review

Advances in the research of Adenanthera pavonina: From traditional use to intellectual property

Maurycyo Silva Geronço
  • Maurycyo Silva Geronço
  • Graduate Program of Science and Engineering of Materials, Interdisciplinary Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina - PI, Brazil.
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Roberta Cardoso Melo
  • Roberta Cardoso Melo
  • Graduate Program in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina - PI, Brazil.
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Hugo Leonardo Mendes Barros
  • Hugo Leonardo Mendes Barros
  • Graduate Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina – PI, Brazil.
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Samille Rodrigues Aquino
  • Samille Rodrigues Aquino
  • Graduate Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina – PI, Brazil.
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Fátima de Cássia Evangelista de Oliveira
  • Fátima de Cássia Evangelista de Oliveira
  • Graduate Program of Physiology and Pharmacology, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza - CE, Brazil.
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Muhammad Torequl Islam
  • Muhammad Torequl Islam
  • Department of Pharmacy, Life Science Faculty, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj, Bangladesh.
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Claudia do Ó Pessoa
  • Claudia do Ó Pessoa
  • Graduate Program of Physiology and Pharmacology, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza - CE, Brazil.
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Marcia dos Santos Rizzo
  • Marcia dos Santos Rizzo
  • Department of Morphology, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina – PI, Brazil.
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Marcília Pinheiro da Costa
  • Marcília Pinheiro da Costa
  • Graduate Program of Science and Engineering of Materials, Interdisciplinary Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina - PI, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 31 October 2019
  •  Accepted: 11 December 2019
  •  Published: 31 January 2020

Abstract

Adenanthera pavonina, an Asian native leguminous, is a well known highly used plant in traditional medicine. Such broad herbal medicine applications motivated several researchers to study its chemical composition, mainly of its leaves, seeds, and barks, besides the pharmacological effects aiming to demonstrate scientific evidence of its empirical uses. Most studies have been conducted with plant derivatives, and more recent studies have focused on isolated compounds. The phytochemical screening revealed various secondary metabolites with diverse biological effects, including flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins, tannins, steroids, triterpenoids, polyphenols, anthraquinones, coumarins, glycosides and polysaccharides. Experimental studies of this plant have shown numerous pharmacological activities such as antidiarrheal, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer, and others. Advances in the studies of phytochemistry and biological activity on this plant species over the last years led to the increasing interest of researchers in the protection of inventions focusing on its cosmetic, pharmaceutical and food applicability. This review summarizes the tremendous therapeutic and technological potential of A. pavonina that should be explored, opening new perspectives for future researches and the development of new products.

Key words: Febaceae, herbal medicine, leguminosae, plant extracts, toxicity.