Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3835

Full Length Research Paper

Leaf epidermal anatomy as an aid to the identification of genus Setaria weeds, tribe paniceae (Poaceae), from the salt range of Pakistan

Farooq Ahmad1*, Mir Ajab Khan2, Mushtaq Ahmad2, Muhammad Zafar2, Zafar Iqbal3and Ameer Khan4
1Department of Botany, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan. 2Department of Plant Sciences,Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan. 3Department of Botany, Hazara University Mansehra, Pakistan. 4Department of Biological Sciences, University of Sargodha, Pakistan.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 05 April 2011
  •  Published: 04 August 2011


Leaf epidermal anatomy of 5 species of Setaria weeds collected from salt range was carried out to identify and differentiate these species, as there is confusion in identification of these species on the basis of morphology. Variations in different leaf epidermal characters are observed in different Setaria species. Setaria glauca is identified by the absence of prickles on the abaxial side, while prickles are present on both abaxial and adaxial side of Setaria viridisSetaria intermediaSetaria italica and Setaria verticillata. Two types of silica bodies are observed in Setaria species. Cross shaped silica bodies are observed in Sverticillata, while in other Setaria species dumb bell shaped silica bodies are found. Microhairs were present only on the abaxial side of S. glauca, while absent in other species, so this character also distinguishes it from other species. Largest stomatal complex is found in S. glauca, while in S. intermedia, stomatal complex is smaller as compared to other species. It is observed that different leaf anatomical characters assist in identification and differentiation of different Setaria species.


Key words: Leaf epidermal, Setaria, poaceae, salt range.