Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3785

Full Length Research Paper

Elemental dispersive spectrophotometer analysis and morpho-anatomical characterization of Panicum species from Pakistan

Shabnum Shaheen1*, Mushtaq Ahmad2, Farah Khan1, Muhammad Zafar2, Rana Abrar Hussain3, Sumaira Rani1, Zaryab Khalid1, Rabail Ayub1 and Amina Younis1
1Department of Botany, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore Pakistan. 2Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad Pakistan. 3Science and Technology University of Education Lahore, Pakistan.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 23 January 2012
  •  Published: 09 March 2012


The present study was conducted to identify, evaluate and compare the anatomical data and elemental composition of the Panicum species present in Pakistan. The study is based on the six species of the genus Setaria represented in Pakistan. The elemental dispersive spectrophotometer (EDS) detector was used for the first time in Pakistan for quantitative and qualitative determinations of the elements present in the phytoliths of grasses. Leaf epidermal anatomy was found taxonomically useful, which helps at the species level and showed that in all the six species of the genus, leaf is bifacial. Epidermal cells show the difference in shape of silica bodies, prickles, micro hairs and macro hairs. A lot of variation was observed in the silica bodies of the genus Panicum showing it as a new taxonomical tool during EDS analysis.


Key words: Elemental dispersive spectrophotometer, morpho-anatomical characterization,Panicum spp.