Aloe vera belongs to the family of Alliaceae commonly known as Ghrit Kumari which is a popular medicinal plant. It has been used for centuries for its curative and therapeutic potential. More than 200 active ingredients of medical importance have been isolated from its inner gel. A. vera is rich in anthraquinones, vitamins, minerals, enzymes, amino acids, natural sugars and fatty acids. It has been used for an array of ailments such as mild fever, wounds and burns, gastrointestinal disorders, diabetes, sexual vitality and fertility, cancer, immunity modulation, AIDS and various skin diseases. A. vera gel is famous for facilitating digestion, aiding blood and lymphatic circulation, as well as improving kidney, liver and gall bladder functions. A. vera gained many reputations, such as “the champion among health care medicines”, “the best health food in 21st century” and “new star in plant”, due to its unique effective ingredients and special functions. The present review described the ethnobotanical and pharmacological properties plant of Aloe vera.
Key words: Aloe vera, anthraquinones, ethnobotanical, therapeutic, pharmacological, Aloe gel.
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