Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3693

Full Length Research Paper

Antibacterial, total phenols, antioxidant, and fatty acids of the lyophilized body fat of Podocnemis expansa (Schweigger, 1812) from farm in Acre State, Brazil

Brazil M. V. da S.
  • Brazil M. V. da S.
  • Center of Federal University of Acre (BIONORTE/UFAC), Federal University of Acre, CEP 69915 - 900, Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil.
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Souza M. de B.
  • Souza M. de B.
  • Center for Natural Sciences, Federal University of Acre, CEP 69915-900, Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil.
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Ferraz V. P.
  • Ferraz V. P.
  • Chromatography Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Institute of Exact Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Antonio Carlos, 6627, Pampulha, CEP 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil.
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Martins B. A.
  • Martins B. A.
  • Biotechnology and Bioassay Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Institute of Exact Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Antonio Carlos, 6627, Pampulha, CEP 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG -Brazil.
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De Carvalho Neto M. F.
  • De Carvalho Neto M. F.
  • Vereda do Canto Farm, Federal Institute of Goiano - IFGoiano, GO 453, km 2.5 - Posse-GO, CEP 73900-000, Goiás, Brazil.
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De Melo A. C. G. R.
  • De Melo A. C. G. R.
  • Environmental Chemistry Laboratory, Research Center and Postgraduation in Science and Technology, Federal University of Roraima, CEP 69310-000, Boa Vista, RR, Brazil.
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Ribeiro P. R. E.
  • Ribeiro P. R. E.
  • Research Center for Animal Nutrition, Federal University of Roraima, BR 174, Km 12, Monte Cristo, CEP 69300-000, Cauamé, Boa Vista, RR, Brazil.
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De Melo-Filho A. A.
  • De Melo-Filho A. A.
  • Science and Technology Center, Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Roraima, Boa Vista, RR, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 04 June 2020
  •  Accepted: 15 June 2020
  •  Published: 30 September 2020

Abstract

Podocnemis expansa (Podocnemididae) is a chelonian of suborder Pleurodira and is popularly known as Amazon turtle. The animal’s body fat was removed from the farm in Xapuri city in Acre State, Brazil. The fat was lyophilized and the oil was extracted by the Soxhlet method using hexane, as a solvent. The fatty acids majority, identified and quantified by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector, were: Arachidonic (25.2%), oleic (ω9, 17.6%), palmitic (ω7, 13.5%), stearic (11.9%) and linoleic (ω6, 9.5%). These, are essential for human health and can be helpful in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, arthritis, psoriasis, improving symptoms of depression, Alzheimer's disease, among others therapies and pathologies. The total phenolic compounds (377.52%) and the antioxidant activity (88.64%) determined in this investigation indicate its high potential in preventing lower risks of cardiovascular and other chronic diseases. Therefore, the results demonstrate the pharmacological, therapeutic and nutraceutical potential of the main chemical constituents of these substances for prospecting and developing biologically active and functional molecules to expand scientific investigations and the commercial chemical industry.

Key words: Chelonians, fatty acids, biodiversity, chromatography, Amazon turtle.