Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3702

Full Length Research Paper

Medicinal plants used against malaria by traditional therapists in malaria endemic areas of the Ségou region, Mali

Jean Noël KEÏTA
  • Jean Noël KEÏTA
  • Département Sciences et Techniques, Université de Ségou, Institut Universitaire de Formation Professionnelle (IUFP), BP 24/Tél (223) 21 32 02 30, Mali.
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Nouhoum DIARRA
  • Nouhoum DIARRA
  • Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako, Mali.
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Donatien KONE
  • Donatien KONE
  • Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako, Mali.
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Hassana TOUNKARA
  • Hassana TOUNKARA
  • Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako, Mali.
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Fousseyni DEMBELE
  • Fousseyni DEMBELE
  • Faculté d’Agronomie et de Médecine Animale (FAMA), Université de Ségou, Mali.
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Moustapha COULIBALY
  • Moustapha COULIBALY
  • Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako, Mali.
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Nah TRAORE
  • Nah TRAORE
  • Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako, Mali.
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  •  Received: 01 July 2020
  •  Accepted: 05 August 2020
  •  Published: 30 September 2020

Abstract

West Africa is one of the regions in Africa with the highest levels of malaria transmission a descriptive study was carried out to inventorise the medicinal plants traditionally used against malaria by traditional therapists in five malaria endemic areas of the Ségou region, in Mali. Sixty-five traditional therapists were randomly selected to be part of the study. Questions were posed using semi-structured interviews, which solicited information on species used, plant organs used, as well as methods of preparation and routes of administration of decoctions. Results indicate that 69 species distributed over 27 families are used to treat malaria. The most represented families are Fabaceae (24.63%), Combretaceae (13.04%), Rubiaceae (7.24%) and Meliaceae (5.79%). The most cited species are Argemone mexicana (CF=0.78), Combretum micranthum (CF=0.84), Conocarpus biocarpa (CF=0.70), Gardenia sokotensis (CF=0.75) and Mitragyna inermis (CF=0.81). The recipe mostly involves leaves (82.43%), with the decoctions mainly taken orally.

Key words:  Antimalarial plants, ethnobotanical survey, Ségou, Mali.