Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3704

Full Length Research Paper

Comparative studies between the chemical constituents and biological properties of the extracts from the leaves and barks of Myracrodruon urundeuva Fr. All.

Bárbara Caroline Ferreira Mota
  • Bárbara Caroline Ferreira Mota
  • Laboratório de Bioprospecção e Recursos Genéticos, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, Montes Claros ? MG, Brasil.
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Vanessa de Andrade Royo*,
  • Vanessa de Andrade Royo*,
  • Laboratório de Bioprospecção e Recursos Genéticos, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, Montes Claros ? MG, Brasil.
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Jaciara Maria Soares Fonseca
  • Jaciara Maria Soares Fonseca
  • Laboratório de Toxicologia, Faculdade de Saúde Ibituruna, Montes Claros ? MG, Brasil.
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Ariadna Conceição dos Santos
  • Ariadna Conceição dos Santos
  • Laboratório de Bioprospecção e Recursos Genéticos, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, Montes Claros ? MG, Brasil.
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Afrânio Farias de Melo Júnior
  • Afrânio Farias de Melo Júnior
  • Laboratório de Bioprospecção e Recursos Genéticos, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, Montes Claros ? MG, Brasil.
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Elytânia Veiga Menezes
  • Elytânia Veiga Menezes
  • Laboratório de Bioprospecção e Recursos Genéticos, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, Montes Claros ? MG, Brasil.
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Viviane Rodrigues Esperandim
  • Viviane Rodrigues Esperandim
  • Núcleo de Pesquisas em Ciências Exatas e Tecnológicas, Universidade de Franca, Franca - SP, Brasil.
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Rosangela da Silva Laurentiz
  • Rosangela da Silva Laurentiz
  • Departamento de Física e Química da Faculdade de Engenharia de Ilha Solteira, Universidade Estadual Paulista, SP, Brasil.
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  •  Received: 07 October 2014
  •  Accepted: 06 February 2015
  •  Published: 10 February 2015

Abstract

The present study describes the comparation between the chemical constituents and biological properties of leaves and barks of Myracrodruon urundeuva for proposing the medicinal use of the plant from leaves, avoiding the degradation by remotion of the barks. The results of chromatographic profile of the hydroalcoholic extracts and fractions of leaves and barks showed similarities in the composition of the phytoconstituents, with variation for some of them that are in greater quantity of the bark extracts. The hydroalcoholics extracts from leaves (HELMu) and barks (HEBMu) exhibited promising 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity (IC50 = 4.8 and 7.0 µg/ml, respectively), comparable to gallic acid (IC50 = 4.8 µg/ml). No significant cytotoxicity was observed in the concentrations evaluated (IC50 > 400 μg/ml). The HEBMu exhibited greater nociceptive activity than HELMu, however HELMu was more active against oral pathogens. This study provides support for the use of the leaves in traditional medicine instead of bark.

 

Key words: Anacardiaceae, phytochemical and chromatographic profile, biological activities, sustainable use.