Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3672

Full Length Research Paper

Gas chromatography mass spectrometry/Fourier transform infrared (GC-MS/FTIR) spectral analyses of Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray leaves

Okereke Stanley C.
  • Okereke Stanley C.
  • Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological and Physical Sciences, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria.
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Arunsi Uche O
  • Arunsi Uche O
  • Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological and Physical Sciences, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria.
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Nosiri Chidi I
  • Nosiri Chidi I
  • Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological and Physical Sciences, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria.
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Nwadike Constance
  • Nwadike Constance
  • Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 13 April 2017
  •  Accepted: 15 May 2017
  •  Published: 17 May 2017

Abstract

Medicinal plants and its products remain the best therapeutic agents for the management of diseases and infections that affect the health of man. Owing to the recorded ethnomedicinal potentials of Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray, this study was aimed at investigating the gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectral analyses of methanolic extract of leaves of T. diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray using standard analytical methods. Results of the GC-MS spectral analysis of methanolic leaf extract of T. diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray showed the existence of the following twenty nine (29) bioactive compounds: Ethylene oxide (2.04%), 1-Butanamine, 3-methyl- (0.71%), N-(3-Methylbutyl) acetamide (3.11%), Cyclopentane, 2-n-octyl- (3.33%), Cyclobutanol (0.73%), dl-Phenylephrine (1.53%), Phenylephrine (1.69%), Hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester (2.31%), 1,3-Cyclohexanediol (2.08%), Amphetamine (1.69%), n-Hexadecanoic acid (17.53%), 8-[N-Aziridylethylamino]-2,6-dimethyloctene-2 (0.85%), Benzenemethanol, .alpha.-[(methylamino)methyl]- (0.58%), folic acid (1.32%), acetic acid, hydroxy[(1-oxo-2-propenyl)amino]- (1.11%), cis-Vaccenic acid (19.20%), Octadecanoic acid (7.67%), acetic acid, [(aminocarbonyl)amino]oxo-  (0.85%), cis-11-Eicosenoic acid (4.50%), 4-Fluorohistamine (2.20%), 2,3-Dimethoxyamphetamine (0.74%), Benzeneethanamine, 2-fluoro-.beta. ,5-dihydroxy-N-methyl- (2.62%), 2-Propenamide, N-(1-cyclohexylethyl)- (1.73%), Erucic acid (5.82%), Acetamide, 2,2,2-trichloro- (0.85%), 2-Methoxy-N-methylethylamine (2.45%), acetic acid, chloro-, pentyl ester (4.97%), p-Hydroxynorephedrine (1.61%) and Metaraminol (1.28%); with Cis-vaccenic acid, n-Hexadecanoic acid and Octadecanoic acid as the most predominant bioactive compounds residents in the plant whereas that of Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) showed the existence of alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones, alkanes and primary amines. Based on these findings, it is opined that the methanolic extract of leaves of T. diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray could be relied upon in traditional medicine for the management of certain infections and diseases that plague man especially those that dwell in rural areas.

 

Key words: Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS), bioactive compounds, methanol extract, functional group, Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray.