Conservation of threatened species through cultivation is anticipated to be helpful in sustainable supply of raw material of high value Himalayan medicinal plants. However, adequate production of planting material of medicinal plants is essential for promoting mass scale cultivation of potential species and also, it can be a profitable enterprise for rural communities. Utilization of traditional agro-ecological knowledge possessed by rural communities living in mountain areas, strengthening existing practices, involving community based non-government organizations (NGOs) for development of planting material of medicinal plants and facilitation in terms of technical and financial support from an institutions, may be valuable for domestication of threatened medicinal plants. A pre-proposal based program for developing planting material of two The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) species (Saussurea lappa and Picrorhiza kurrooa), three locally threatened species; Aconitum heterophyllum, Allium stracheyi and Pleurospermum angelicoides, and one species in high demand (Carum carvi) was used with decentralized or participatory approach. The planting material was developed by farmers and community based non government organizations in some high altitude villages of district Chamoli, Uttarakhand, India. On the basis of estimated achievement, it was observed that, the planting material of P. kurrooa, S. lappa, C. carvi and A. stracheyi was developed up to satisfactory level (up to 40.00 to 94.42% by 21 farmers in 12 villages through strengthening of existing nurseries and 45.00 to 93.33% by 5 NGOs in 4 identical villages through establishment of new nurseries) in two years.
Key words: CITES species, cultivation, decentralized, optional crops, planting material.
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