Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3778


Chemistry, pharmacology and medicinal properties of Heracleum persicum Desf. Ex Fischer: A review

Jinous Asgarpanah1*, Gita Dadashzadeh Mehrabani2, Maryam Ahmadi2, Rezvaneh Ranjbar2 and Masoomeh Safi-Aldin Ardebily2
1Department of Pharmacognosy, Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran. 2Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 17 January 2012
  •  Published: 16 March 2012


Heracleum persicum is known as Persian Hogweed. H. persicum extracts and essential oil are important areas in drug development with numerous pharmacological activities in the Middle East especially in Iran. For a long time H. persicum has been used in traditional medicines for the relief of flatulence, stomachs as well as flavoring, as a digestive and an antiseptic. H. persicum has recently been shown to have antioxidant, anticonvulsant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. Pimpinellin, isopimpinellin, bergapten, isobergapten and sphondin are furanocoumarins which are reported from roots of this plant. Hexyl butyrate, octyl acetate and hexyl-2-methylbutanoate were identified as the major constituents for H. persicum essential oil. Due to the easy collection of the plant and being widespread and also remarkable biological activities, this plant has become both food and medicine in Iran. This review presents comprehensive analyzed information on the botanical, chemical and pharmacological aspects of H. persicum.


Key words: Heracleum persicum, Apiaceae, antioxidant, anticonvulsant, anti-inflammatory.