Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3684

Full Length Research Paper

Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of Citrus limonia Osbeck bark essential oil

Paulo Roberto Barros Gomes
  • Paulo Roberto Barros Gomes
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Pará, Paragominas - PA, Brazil.
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Dionney Andrade de Sousa
  • Dionney Andrade de Sousa
  • Department of Chemical Technology, Federal University of Maranhão, 65080-805, São Luís, MA, Brazil.
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Gustavo Oliveira Everton
  • Gustavo Oliveira Everton
  • Department of Chemical Technology, Federal University of Maranhão, 65080-805, São Luís, MA, Brazil.
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Maria Alves Fontenele
  • Maria Alves Fontenele
  • Coordination of Food Engineering, Federal University of Maranhão, 65915-240, Imperatriz, MA, Brazil.
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Jucilane Novais Lopes e Marques
  • Jucilane Novais Lopes e Marques
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Pará, Paragominas - PA, Brazil.
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Adriana Crispim de Freitas
  • Adriana Crispim de Freitas
  • Coordination of Food Engineering, Federal University of Maranhão, 65915-240, Imperatriz, MA, Brazil.
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Virlane Kelly Lima Hunaldo
  • Virlane Kelly Lima Hunaldo
  • Coordination of Food Engineering, Federal University of Maranhão, 65915-240, Imperatriz, MA, Brazil.
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Hilton Costa Louzeiro
  • Hilton Costa Louzeiro
  • Department of Pharmacy, Federal University of Maranhão, 65080-805, São Luís, MA, Brazil.
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Maria do Livramento de Paula
  • Maria do Livramento de Paula
  • Coordination of Licenciatura in Natural Sciences, Federal University of Maranhão, Pinheiro, MA, Brazil.
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Jonas Batista Reis
  • Jonas Batista Reis
  • Department of Chemical Technology, Federal University of Maranhão, 65080-805, São Luís, MA, Brazil.
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Andréa Vasconcelo Melo
  • Andréa Vasconcelo Melo
  • Department of Chemical Technology, Federal University of Maranhão, 65080-805, São Luís, MA, Brazil.
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Helson Souza de Lima
  • Helson Souza de Lima
  • Biodiversity and Biotechnology, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís - Ma, Brazil.
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Victor Elias Mouchrek Filho
  • Victor Elias Mouchrek Filho
  • Department of Chemical Technology, Federal University of Maranhão, 65080-805, São Luís, MA, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 30 March 2020
  •  Accepted: 05 June 2020
  •  Published: 31 July 2020

Abstract

Aedes aegypti mosquito arouses the interest of public authorities, as it is a vector for four diseases (dengue, zika, chikungunya, and yellow fever) and one of the ways to combat it is through insecticides. In this study, the main constituent, the predominant class of essential oil extracted from the husks of Citrus limonia Osbeck was identified and evaluated to know if it has biological activity against larvae in the third stage of Ae.aegypti. gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (CG-MS); larvicidal activity as described by the World Health Organization (WHO) was evaluated and the lethal concentration (LC50) from the Probit model was calculated. The results show that the oil consists mainly of limonene, beta-Pinene, meta-Cymene, beta.-Phellandrene and alpha-Pinene, in which the predominant class was monoterpenes and the lethal concentration, CL50, was 67.18 µg.mL-1. Therefore, the oil has potential larvicidal activity.

Key words: Volatile compounds, monoterpenes, aedes aegypti, limonene, natural insecticide.