Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3693

Full Length Research Paper

Separation and identification of phenolics and flavonoids from wild Pistacia palaestina extract and its antioxidant activity

Saleh Abu-Lafi
  • Saleh Abu-Lafi
  • Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Quds University, P. O. Box 20002, Jerusalem, Palestine.
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Fuad Al-Rimawi
  • Fuad Al-Rimawi
  • Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Al-Quds University, P.O. Box 20002, Jerusalem, Palestine.
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Jehad Abbadi
  • Jehad Abbadi
  • Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Al-Quds University, P.O. Box 20002, Jerusalem, Palestine.
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Saleh. A. Naser
  • Saleh. A. Naser
  • Division of Molecular Microbiology, Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida.
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Khaled Qabaha
  • Khaled Qabaha
  • Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Arab American University, Jenin, Palestine.
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  •  Received: 21 April 2020
  •  Accepted: 19 May 2020
  •  Published: 31 July 2020

Abstract

An in-vitro evaluation of the antioxidant activities of wild Palestinian Pistacia palaestina extracts was done. In parallel, the total phenolic content (TPC) and the total flavonoids content (TFC) were measured. The antioxidant activities were determined spectrophotometrically by DPPH, FRAP, CUPRAC and the ABTS methods. The phenolic and flavonoid contents were separated and identified using LC-PDA-MS. The P. palaestina extract was found to contain many phenolic and flavonoids that enhance its reducing activity and free radical scavenging ability. Total phenolic content, and total flavonoids contents were found to be 66.5 ± 2.2 mg Gallic acid/g, and 20.3 ± 1.1 mg catechin/g, respectively. Antioxidant activity represented as FRAP, CUPRAC, DPPH and ABTS was found to be 23.5± 1.2 mmol Fe+2/g, 4562 ± 63 µmol Trolox/g, 344 ± 11 µmol/g, 53.1 ± 6.6 µmol/g, respectively. The aim of the study is therefore to employ different antioxidant tests to evaluate the antioxidant activities of crude ethanol leaf extracts of P. palaestina, and to determine its phenolic and flavonoids content.

Key words: Pistacia palaestina, flavonoids, antioxidants, Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC-MS).