Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3570

Full Length Research Paper

Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of the constituents of the fixed oils obtained from the barks, leaves and stems of Spondias tuberosa Arruda (Anacardiaceae)

Amanda Leite Guimaraes
  • Amanda Leite Guimaraes
  • Federal University of San Francisco Valley, 56.304-205 Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil.
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Ana Paula de Oliveira
  • Ana Paula de Oliveira
  • Federal University of San Francisco Valley, 56.304-205 Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil.
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Geisiane Suila Feitosa dos Santos Silva
  • Geisiane Suila Feitosa dos Santos Silva
  • Federal University of San Francisco Valley, 56.304-205 Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil.
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Geórgia Sueley Bezerra
  • Geórgia Sueley Bezerra
  • Federal University of San Francisco Valley, 56.304-205 Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil.
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Inaiara Sousa
  • Inaiara Sousa
  • Federal University of San Francisco Valley, 56.304-205 Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil.
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Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida
  • Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida
  • Federal University of San Francisco Valley, 56.304-205 Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil.
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Joana D'arc de Sousa Rodrigues
  • Joana D'arc de Sousa Rodrigues
  • Federal University of San Francisco Valley, 56.304-205 Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil.
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Jose Marcos Teixeira de Alencar Filho
  • Jose Marcos Teixeira de Alencar Filho
  • Federal University of San Francisco Valley, 56.304-205 Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil.
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Edigênia Cavalcante da Cruz Araujo
  • Edigênia Cavalcante da Cruz Araujo
  • Federal University of San Francisco Valley, 56.304-205 Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 04 January 2018
  •  Accepted: 19 February 2018
  •  Published: 25 February 2018

Abstract

Spondias tuberosa Arruda (Anacardiaceae) is an endemic tree in the Caatinga Brazilian Biome, known locally as "umbuzeiro" and used for various purposes, especially as food and folk medicine. In this study, it was realized for the first time, the extraction and characterization by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) of the fixed oils of barks, leaves and stems of S. tuberosa. The constituents of the oils were identified by comparing the mass spectra obtained with those of the equipment database. The major component of fixed oil obtained from barks was the 3-n-Pentadecylphenol (44.91 %), in the leaves and stems was observed presence of the tetratetracontane (38.17 and 28.57%, respectively). Antioxidant activity was evaluated by using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil (DPPH) radical scavenging and β-carotene-linoleic acid bleaching test. The fixed oil obtained from the leaves presented the best antioxidant activity (51.13%±11.8) in β-carotene-linoleic acid bleaching test. This study described for the first time identification and quantification of the components present in the fixed oils of the bark, leaves and stems of Spondias tuberosa.
 
Key words: Natural products, fatty acids, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), antioxidant.