Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3835

Full Length Research Paper

Chemical constituents of the essential oil from leaves of Psidium cattleianum var. cattleianum

Raju K. Chalannavar, Venugopala K. Narayanaswamy, Himansu Baijnath and Bharti Odhav*    
Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Durban University of Technology, Durban - 4001, South Africa    
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 21 December 2012
  •  Published: 03 April 2013


The essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation of dried leaves of Psidium cattleianum var.cattleianum was analysed by gas chromatography (GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of seventy six compounds, representing 97.5% of the oil were identified. The major constituents of the essential oil were caryophyllene oxide (29.56%), alloaromadendrene oxide-(1) (6.82%), 12-oxabicyclo [9.1.0] dodeca-3,7-diene (5.85%) and 1H-cycloprop[e]azulene (3.49%).  High concentration of caryophyllene oxide in the oil suggests its usefulness as natural preservative in food industry.  The terpenic and ester compounds could contribute to the aroma of P.cattleianum var. cattleianum.


Key words: Psidium cattleianum var. cattleianum, essential oil, caryophyllene oxide.