The objective of this study was to analyze the context of the management of people from traditional quilombola community, in relation to the use of plant species and allopathic drugs used in treatment of pain. Questionnaires were used to determine the socio-demographic profile and the interview-semi-structured method with participants adopted. The analysis of data was done by statistics for the socio-demographic variables and the discourse of the collective subject to interpret the contents of the interview. There were 52 residents interviewed, predominantly (67%) by female. Most of the participants have low education level and the main occupational activity is agriculture. In the treatment of pain, herbal teas were considered the preferred method by the participants. Some used allopathic medicines, but attribute to plants the meaning of greater effectiveness in therapy. It has also been noted that informants did not use concomitant drugs and plants because of the fear of poisoning. It is concluded that there is a shortage of studies on the representations and meanings of the preference of inhabitants of traditional localities, considering plant species and industrialized drugs specific for pain, as well as for the treatment of diseases in general. Thus, it is expected that this work will arouse the interest of researchers in studying more about popular knowledge and health management.
Key words: Popular knowledge, pain, medicinal plants.
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