Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3570

Full Length Research Paper

Phytochemical screening and peroxide value determination of methanolic extract of four traditional medicinal plants from Debre Tabor Town, Ethiopia

Limenew Abate
  • Limenew Abate
  • Department of Chemistry, DebreTabor University, Ethiopia.
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Tadesse Mengistu
  • Tadesse Mengistu
  • Department of Chemistry, Debre Tabor University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 08 March 2018
  •  Accepted: 06 April 2018
  •  Published: 25 May 2018

Abstract

Medicinal plants have bioactive compounds which are used for curing of various human diseases and also play an important role in healing of different disease. Terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins are some of bioactive compounds present in different parts of medicinal plants. Qualitative identification of bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity determination of crude extracts of the leaves of four different medicinal plants (Cordia africanaLam, Croton macrostachyus Hochst, Vernonia amygdalina Del. and Justicia schimperiana T.Anders.) based on  peroxide value (POV) method were carried out in this study. For the phytochemical screening test, the results confirmed the presence of polyphenols, tannins, alkaloids, steroids and anthraquinons in all plants leave extracts, however flavonoids, glycosides and phlobatannins were absent. In case of  peroxide value (POV) determination, the lowest value were recorded in crude extracts of  Cordia africana Lam leaves (24 meq/kg ) and the highest value were observed in Justica Schimperiana leaves extracts (101 meq/kg ) in the 1st  treatment. In the 4th treatment, Schimperiana T. Anders had lowest antioxidant activities [highest POV (290 meq/kg)] and C. Africana had the highest antioxidant activities [lowest POV (88meq/kg)]. The study also showed that temperature variations had its own influence on peroxide value. As the temperature of the system increased, the peroxide content of sample treated with leave extracts of plants also increased, however the degree of increment vary within different temperature  range (30 to 50°C, 50 to 75°C and 75 to 100°C). In all temperatures, the peroxide production of niger seed oil containing plants leave extracts were less than oil free from extracts. The data generally indicates that the POV of plants leave extract showed antioxidant activity due to the presence of some Phytochemical (plyphenols, tannins, glycosides) present in plants leave extracts.

Key words: Medicinal plants, phytochemical, antioxidant, peroxide value (POV).