Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3758

Full Length Research Paper

Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used in the traditional treatment of diabetes mellitus in the North Western and South Western Algeria

Azzi Rachid1*, Djaziri Rabah1, Lahfa Farid1, Sekkal Fatima Zohra2, Benmehdi Houcine3,4 and Belkacem Nacéra1
1Laboratory Antifungal, Antibiotic, Physico-chemical, Synthesis and Biological Activity, Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life Sciences of the Earth and the Universe, University Abou bekr Belkaid Tlemcen 1300, BP 119, Algeria. 2Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of natural science and life, University Abdelel Hamid Ibn Badiss –Mostaganem- 27000, Algeria. 3Laboratory of LASNABIO, Department of Chemistry, University of Tlemcen 13000, Algeria. 4Laboratory of Plant Resource Development and Food Security in Semi Arid Areas, University of Bechar, South West of Algeria, BP 417, Algeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 01 February 2012
  •  Published: 16 March 2012

Abstract

In this study, the medicinal plants used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus were inventoried. The ethnopharmacological information was obtained from 470 patients suffering from diabetes mellitus in different areas in the North Western and South Western Algeria; 266 of them were of type 2 diabetes. The results indicated that only 28.30% of patients interviewed used medicinal plants as treatment alone or in association with the conventional treatment of diabetes. 60 medicinal plants belonging to 32 families were cited, of which the most cited were: Trigonella foenum-graecum (56 citations), Rosmarinus officinalis (27 citations), Citrullus colocynthis (22 citations), Tetraclinis articulata (21 citations), Artemesia herba alba (20 citations), Origanum compactum (16 citations) andPunica granatum (16 citations). The plants families’ which contained the most commonly used species and their antidiabetic effects were: Asteraceae (8 species), Lamiaceae (8 species) and Apiaceae (4 species). Among these medicinal plants, five plants were known to be toxic: Nerium oleander, C. colocynthis, Zygophyllum album, Nigella sativa andPeganum harmala.

 

Key words: Ethnopharmacological survey, medicinal plants, traditional medicine, diabetes mellitus, Algeria.