Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3693

Full Length Research Paper

Popular medicinal plants used by the Bantu people and Pygmies living in the administrative territories of Beni and Lubero (DRC)

Eric Lukwamirwe Kasika
  • Eric Lukwamirwe Kasika
  • Département de Pytotechnie, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université Catholique du Graben, B.P 29 Butembo Nord Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo.
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Valentin Kamabu Vasombolwa
  • Valentin Kamabu Vasombolwa
  • Département d’Ecologie et gestion des Ressources végétales, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Kisangani, B.P 2012 Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo.
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Jean Lejoly
  • Jean Lejoly
  • Herbarium de l'Université Libre de Bruxelles (BRLU), Université Libre de Bruxelles, 50 Avenue F. Roosevelt - CP 265 B-1050 Bruxelles – Belgique.
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  •  Received: 04 June 2014
  •  Accepted: 21 July 2016
  •  Published: 10 August 2016

Abstract

Medicinal plants occupy the most preponderant place in households in Democratic Republic of the Congo. Indeed, more than three quarters of its population depend on natural resources to survive financially and health wise, due to economic issue and inability of some modern medicines to cure some diseases. An ethno-botanical survey was conducted in Beni and Lubero territories, where Bantu people and Pygmies live. It was done to identify the plant species used by both groups (Bantu people and Pygmies) in traditional medicine. Sixty Bantu people and pygmies were interviewed about the plant species they used traditionally to treat different diseases. Sixty-three different diseases were identified among them. Recurrent diseases were:  Malaria (15 species for treatment), diarrhoea (11), colic (7), internal candidiasis and yellow fever (12), migraine (3), and rheumatism (4). Ten plant species were cited mostly:  Allanblackia stanerana (used against 18 diseases), Dichrocephala integrifolia (15), R. communis (15), A. sativum (14), Achyranthes aspera (13), Bidens pilosa (13), Conyza sumatrensis (13), Canarium schweinfurthii (12). The Wallis test (χ2= 10.9; dl= 4; p-value: 0.028 ˂ 0.05) showed that the Bantu people and pygmies living in the same village in Beni and Lubero territories used different plant species as traditional medicines to treat the same diseases.

Key words: Plants, popular traditional medicine, Bantus, pygmies, Beni-Lubero.