Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3584

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of methanolic calyx extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa on body weight, blood cholesterol and liver marker enzymes in Wistar rats

Emmanuel I. Nnamonu
  • Emmanuel I. Nnamonu
  • Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria.
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Vincent C. Ejere
  • Vincent C. Ejere
  • Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria.
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Edmund C. Mbegbu
  • Edmund C. Mbegbu
  • Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria.
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Chiemekam S. Ezechukwu
  • Chiemekam S. Ezechukwu
  • Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria.
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Anthony O. Ejim
  • Anthony O. Ejim
  • Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 03 June 2015
  •  Accepted: 20 July 2015
  •  Published: 25 October 2018

Abstract

Eighty male albino rats were used to investigate the effects of methanolic calyx extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa on body weight, blood cholesterol and liver enzymes markers. Twenty-eight days oral administration of 100, 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg body weight of the extract showed a significant (p<0.05) time-dependent decrease in the body weights of all the treated groups when compared with the control, with 100 mg/kg causing significant (p<0.05) decrease at weeks 2 and 4, respectively when compared with other treatment doses. The extract significantly (p>0.05) decreased the serum cholesterol and increased the liver marker enzymes (ALP, ALT and AST) in dose-dependent and time-dependent manner, when compared with the control. However, on day 21, the group treated with 400 mg/kg showed a significant (p<0.05) increase the serum cholesterol, and decrease in liver marker enzymes when compared with the rest of the treatment groups. Histopathology from all the treatment groups revealed graded degrees of vacuolar degeneration of the hepatocytes and peri-portal infiltration of mononuclear leucocytes. The results of this present study suggests that the methanolic calyx extract of H. sabdariffa possesses anti-obesity and hypocholesterolemic potentials which should be harnessed with caution due to its tendency to adversely affect the liver.

Key words: Hibiscus sabdariffa, hypocholesterolemia, anti-obesity, liver maker enzymes, Wistar rats.