Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3749

Full Length Research Paper

Hypoglycaemic effects of Salvia officinalis extracts on alloxan-induced diabetic Swiss albino mice

Kanana Faith Mbiti
  • Kanana Faith Mbiti
  • Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, Egerton University, P. O. Box 536 Egerton, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Maina Charles Mwendia
  • Maina Charles Mwendia
  • Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, Egerton University, P. O. Box 536 Egerton, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Kibet Joseph Mutai
  • Kibet Joseph Mutai
  • Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Microbiology and, Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, Egerton University, P. O. Box 536 Egerton, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Clement Josphat Matasyoh
  • Clement Josphat Matasyoh
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Egerton University, P. O. Box 536 Egerton, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 30 July 2019
  •  Accepted: 26 September 2019
  •  Published: 31 October 2020

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is the fourth killer disease globally. The available management strategies are quite expensive and sometimes unsafe. This necessitates the need for bio-active drugs from medicinal plants. Although Salvia officinalis (sage) is used in herbal medicine, the scientific validation for anti-diabetic effects of various extracts has been elusive. The present study aimed to determine and compare the anti-hyperglycaemic efficacy of methanolic, hexane, ethyl acetate, and aqueous leaf extracts of Salvia officinalis in alloxan-induced diabetic mice. Phytochemical screening of the extracts revealed presence of flavanone, sterols, saponins, tannins, alkaloids, and triterpenes. The extracts were subjected to preliminary in vivo bio-assays at dosage levels of 400 mg/kg for 7 days through oral administration. The aqueous extract demonstrated significant hypoglycaemic effect, pË‚0.05 hence subjected to further hypoglycaemic studies for 15 days. There was a significant decrease in blood sugar levels of groups treated with aqueous extract at 400 mg/kg and 600 mg/kg doses from 452.00 ± 11.13 mg/dL and 431.00 ± 10.65 mg/dL to 256.33 ± 5.12 mg/dL and 256.67 ± 8.74 mg/dL. Weight gain improved significantly from 28.05 ± 0.39 g and 27.38 ± 0.52 g to 29.32 ± 0.42 g and 28.55 ± 0.38 g respectively compared to controls, pË‚0.05. Histopathological studies revealed no significant changes in liver and kidney tissues. Besides, no significant cytotoxic effect was reported. Results from this study indicate that aqueous extract of Salvia officinalis is a potential anti-hyperglycaemic and can be used in modulating blood glucose levels.

Key words: Diabetes mellitus, Salvia officinalis, aqueous extract, hypoglycaemic effect, phytochemicals.