Chrysanthemum indicum flower is a traditional Chinese medicine with strong aroma and many previous studies focused on its essential oil. GC/MS and HPLC were used to determine its volatiles, flavonoids and flavonoid glycosides. Sixty three volatiles were detected and the abundant volatiles included 2,6,6-trimethyl-bicyclo[3.1.1]hept-2-en-4-ol, 2-(2,4-hexadiynylidene)-1,6-dioxaspiro[4.4]non-3-ene, germacrene D, á-neoclovene, eucalyptol, á-pinene. Ten flavonoids were identified. Quercitrin, myricetin and luteolin-7-glucoside were abundant flavonoids. The bioactivities of the abundant components in Chrysanthemum indicum flower were discussed. It is considered that Chrysanthemum indicumflower is a good source of natural quercitrin and myricetin, which is significant for the development of potential pharmaceuticals.
Key words: Chrysanthemum Morifolium, volatile, flavonoid, glycosides, GC-MS, HPLC.
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