Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3590

Full Length Research Paper

Biotechnical application of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi used in the production of foliar biomolecules in ironwood seedlings [Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L.P.Queiroz var. ferrea]

Francineyde A. Silva*
  • Francineyde A. Silva*
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia de Fungos, Departamento de Micologia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; Rua Nelson Chaves, s/n, 50670-420 - Recife, PE, Brazil.
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Fábio S. B. Silva
  • Fábio S. B. Silva
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Celular e Molecular Aplicada, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade de Pernambuco, Rua Arnóbio Marques, 310, Santo Amaro – 50100130 - Recife, PE-Brasil.
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Leonor C. Maia
  • Leonor C. Maia
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia de Fungos, Departamento de Micologia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; Rua Nelson Chaves, s/n, 50670-420 - Recife, PE, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 11 January 2014
  •  Accepted: 27 May 2014
  •  Published: 10 June 2014

Abstract

Libidibia ferrea, popularly known as ironwood is a medicinal plant of the Caatinga, in semi-arid Brazil. It is used for traditional medicine because it has bioactive compounds. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) have been shown to improve the production of biomolecules in some plants. The objective of this study was to select efficient AMF for optimizing the growth and production of bioactive compounds in L. ferrea seedlings. Mycorrhization, mainly with Gigaspora albida, was efficient in improving the production of L. ferrea seedlings. It resulted in a larger stem diameter, higher chlorophyll a leaf content, higher amount of total proteins and flavonoids compared to that of non- mycorrhized seedlings. The biotechnological system using G. albida is an alternative for the production of L. ferrea seedlings, with increased levels of foliar flavonoids.

 

Key words:  Glomeromycota, Libidibia ferrea, flavonoids, Leguminosae, semi-arid.