Gandrayan (Angelica glauca Edgew., Family Apiaceae) is a high value medicinal herb and it is native and endemic to the Indian Himalayan Region. Its aromatic roots are used as spice and beside this the industrial demand of its essential oil is increasing for modern herbal medicines and aromatherapy. The present study was carried out to document its ethno-medicinal importance among local inhabitants of three Indian Himalayan States viz., Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir.
Its indigenous use in conditions like vomiting, dyspepsia, indigestion, stomach pain, headache, dysentery, influenza, loss of appetite, post delivery weakness and asthma are very common in high altitude villages. Crushed roots are mixed in cattle fodder to improve lactation and also given against diarrhea and constipation. Considering the culinary and medicinal uses, its conservation, propagation and cultivation have been suggested in this communication.
Received 10 February, 2015; Accepted 1 February, 2016
Keywords: Angelica glauca, ethno-medicine, natural populations, critically endangered, Indian Himalayan Region