Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3693

Table of Content: 11 July, 2012; 6(26)

July 2012

Ginger (Zingiber officinale): A review

Ginger is used worldwide as a cooking spice, condiment and herbal remedy. Ginger is used extensively in Ayurveda, the traditional medicine of India to block excessive clotting (that is, heart disease), reduce cholesterol and fight arthritis. In Arabian medicine, ginger is considered an aphrodisiac. The Eclectic physicians of the 19th century relied on ginger to induce sweating, improve the appetite and curb nausea, and...

Author(s): Mohammad Sharrif Moghaddasi and Hamed Haddad Kashani

July 2012

A review of phytochemistry and antitumor activity of a valuable medicinal species: Scutellaria barbata

Scutellaria barbata belonging to the genus Scutellaria L. (Labiatae) is a perennial herb which is natively distributed throughout Korea and Southern China. As a popular traditional medicinal herb “Ban-Zhi-Lian” listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, it has a therapeutic history extending back over thousands of years. Currently, effective monomeric compounds or extracts have been screened for...

Author(s): Tie-shan Wang, Sui-qiong Wang and Da-li Xiao

July 2012

Successful plant regeneration of Orthosiphon stamineus from petiole

We present a successful regeneration of Orthosiphon stamineus plant from petiole. All of the explants were cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS)-based medium supplemented with various concentrations of benzylaminopurine (BAP) and naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) at the growth condition (25 ± 2°C, 16-h photoperiod at light intensity of 22.85 µmol /m2 /s) for 8 weeks. Results showed that...

Author(s): I. H. Mohd Nawi and A. Abd Samad

July 2012

Lamiaceous ethno-medico-botanicals in Uttarakhand Himalaya, India

Based on literature and field surveys, and a collective analysis of available information, this enumeration is an attempt to draw attention to the medicinal and aromatic plants belonging to Lamiaceae family. This enumeration narrates the plants having diverse ethno-medico-botanical values. Findings of this exercise indicated that, plants belonging to 25 genera and 46 species are used by native communities for treating...

Author(s): V. K. Bisht, C. S. Rana, J. S. Negi, A. K. Bhandari, V. Purohit, C. P. Kuniyal and R. C. Sundriyal

July 2012

Antioxidant activity, DNA damage protection and phenolic contents of Penthorum chinese Pursh

The aim of this study was to determine the antioxidant potency of Penthorum chinesePursh (PCP) in vitro by using several assays, including 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, 2,2’-azinobis-3-ethyl benzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging activity, hydroxyl radical (·OH) scavenging activity and lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity. Meanwhile, the...

Author(s): Xiao-Dong Xia, Jing chen, Sha Fan, Xiao-Ling Gao, Li-Hua Li, Rong-Jun Chen, Kai Zhong, Hong Gao, Isomaro Yamaguchi and Zheng-Jun Xu

July 2012

Abutilon avicennae seed coat extract inhibits the lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response in macrophages by multiple mechanisms

Abutilon avicennae is used in Korean folk medicine to treat middle ear infection, diarrhea, and inflammation of the lymphatic glands. The anti-inflammatory abilities of abutilon avicennae have not been investigated in detail. Therefore, we undertook the present study to examine whether an extract of the seed coat of abutilon avicennae (SCAA) could suppress LPS-stimulated inflammatory responses in RAW 264.7 cells and to...

Author(s): Da Eun Ji, Yusu Shin, Kwang Ho Lee and Tack-Joong Kim

July 2012

Antidepressant-like effects of total saikosaponins of Bupleurum yinchowense in mice

Bupleurum is known traditionally to effectively treat depressive-like disorders in East Asia. Pharmacological studies have been carried out on several species of Bupleurum, such asBupleurum chinense DC. and Bupleurum falcatum L. Bupleurum yinchowense, the same genus of Bupleurum R. H. Shan and Yin Li, is abundantly distributed in the Northwest of China and is widely used in folk...

Author(s): Xiuping Sun, Zhe Shi, Tengfei Li, Ruile Pan, Xinmin Liu, Lanlan Bu, Lingti Kong and Qi Chang

July 2012

Non-mutagenic and genotoxic doses of cleistanthoside A tetraacetate isolated from Phyllanthus taxodiifolius Beille

Cleistanthoside A tetraacetate isolated from Phyllanthus taxodiifolius Beille is claimed to inhibit cancer cell growth, but their toxicity is not reported. Mutagenic and genotoxic effects of cleistanthoside A tetraacetate were investigated in this study. The bacterial reverse mutation (Ames) test using a pre-incubation method was performed in order to determine the mutagenic toxicity of cleistanthoside A...

Author(s): Pranom Puchadapirom, Achiraya Tammasakchai, Sareeya Reungpatthanaphong, Lakana Himakoun, Suraphol Kongtim, Patoomratana Tuchinda and Prasit Suwannalert

July 2012

Genotoxic activity and toxicity of Baccharis trimera Less. regarding the bioaccumulation of heavy metals

Baccharis trimera Less. (“carqueja”) is a native plant from Brazil, used in folk medicine preparations such as infusions and/or decoctions. The objective of this study was to evaluate the toxicity and genotoxicity of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of B. trimera and quantify heavy metals bioaccumulated in this specie. The extracts were prepared with ultra pure water. The Allium...

Author(s): Regildo M. G. Silva, Vanessa M. Oliveira, Fillipi Valadares, Gustavo F. Mecina and Luciana P. Silva

July 2012

Ethnomedicinal plant wealth of Mastuj valley, Hindukush range, District Chitral, Pakistan

The paper enumerates the traditional uses of 82 plant species belonging to 74 genera and 42 families, which are used by the local inhabitants of Mastuj valley for the treatment of various ailments. Most of the plants were used as stomachic, pain killer and against skin diseases. Of the recorded plants, 56 were herbs, 17 trees and 9 shrubs. Some of these useful species are under serious threats due to unsustainable...

Author(s): Syed Mukaram Shah and Farrukh Hussain

July 2012

The enhancement effect of Salvia miltiorrhiza on melanin production of B16F10 melanoma cells

Salvia miltiorrhiza is a well-known and widely used medicinal plant for the treatment of angina pectoris, hyperlipidemia and acute ischemic stroke. However, no research has described the function of S. miltiorrhiza on melanogenesis. Therefore, in this study we analyzed the effect of S. miltiorrhiza leaf extract (SME) on the tyrosinase activity and the production of melanin of melanoma cells....

Author(s): Shu-Hua Chiang, Yi-Shyan Chen, Ming-Shian Hung, Shu-Mei Lee and Chih-Chien Lin

July 2012

Physiochemical and quantitative analysis for the standardization of K3 preparation

The K3 preparation which includes six herbal medicines (Plantago asiatica, Gardenia jasminoides, Rheum palmatum, Cuscuta japonica, etc) is under the new drug development for treatment of cognitive disorders in Korea. To standardize the K3 preparation, we evaluated loss on drying, ash, and acid insoluble ash. We also performed high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. For quantification of the K3...

Author(s): Moon Ho Do, Bin Na Hong, and Tong Ho Kang

July 2012

Screening of various extracts of Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br. ex Schult. for antimicrobial activity

Rising appearance of resistance to the presently existing antibiotics has necessitated sustained search for new antimicrobial compounds. The present study was designed to confirm ethno-medicinal assert of Gymnema sylvestre possessing antimicrobial activity that could be a superior alternative for synthetic antimicrobial agents, if proved to be successful enough. For this, the antimicrobial properties...

Author(s): Sudhanshu, Sandhya Mittal, Nidhi Rao and Ekta Menghani

July 2012

Investigation of antioxidant activity and phytochemical constituents of Artocarpus altilis

The phytochemical screening study and the antioxidant activity test of the twigs ofArtocarpus altilis has been done for the first time. The Artocarpus genus is known to produce a large number of secondary metabolites, and is specifically rich in phenylpropanoids such as flavonoids and flavones. Results of this study indicated that A. altilis (twigs) contain terpenoids, saponins, phenolic group,...

Author(s): Tara Kamal, Ahmad Muzammil, Raji Akintunde Abdullateef and Muhammad Nor Omar,

July 2012

Phytochemical and anti-microbial activity of Lepidium sativum L.

The antimicrobial activities of the methanol and its subfractions of chloroform, ethyl acetate and water extracts of the roots, stem and leaves of Lepidium sativum L. were investigated. The bacterial strains used were Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli, while the fungal species included Aspergilla fumigates, Fusarium solani, Aspergillus...

Author(s): Riazullah, Iqbal Hussain and Badrullah

July 2012

Ethnopharmacological values of weeds in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India

Weeds may be potential source of useful drugs if they are evaluated through proper identification, characterization, and biochemical screening. The main goal of this study was to know the importance of weeds in the modern medicine sector and addresses their implications for public health. The ethnomedical data of weeds were collected through semi-structured interviews of fifty four healers, group discussion, and field...

Author(s): Anurag Singh, G. S. Singh and P. K. Singh