Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3780

Table of Content: 16 January, 2012; 6(2)

January 2012

Research progress on polysaccharides from Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo is a genus of highly unusual non-flowering plants with one extant species. The Ginkgoaceae is a family of gymnosperms which appeared during the Mesozoic Era, of which the only extant representative is Ginkgo biloba, which is for this reason sometimes regarded as a living fossil. Extracts of Ginkgo contain flavonoid glycosides and terpenoids (ginkgolides, bilobalides) and have been used...

Author(s): LI He, ZHOU Guo-ying, XU Jian-ping, LIU Jun-ang, ZHANG Huai-yun,and TAN Yimin

January 2012

Zerumbone isolated from Zingiber zerumbet inhibits inflammation and pain in rats

Zerumbone a monocyclic sisquiterpene, is the major constituent of Zingiber zerumbet Smith. In Southeast Asia, Z. zerumbet is being used for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. The objective of this current investigation was to evaluate the in vivo anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of zerumbone isolated from Z. zerumbet in rats. The results revealed zerumbone...

Author(s): M. N. Somchit, J. H. Mak, A. Ahmad Bustamam, A. Zuraini, A. K. Arifah, Y. Adam and Z. A. Zakaria

January 2012

Improvement of the antioxidant activity of apigenin in linoleic acid system by o-prenylation

With apigenin as raw material, 5-prenyloxy apigenin was synthesized and identified by high performance liquid chromatography - ultra violet - electrospray ionization tandem/ mass spectrometry (HPLC-UV-ESI/MS). And its antioxidant activity in linoleic acid system was superior to that of apigenin, which could support our hypothesis about antioxidant function regions of flavonoids.   Key...

Author(s): Benguo Liu, Jiguo Yang, Xiaoai Zhu and Guibao Lv

January 2012

Efficiency of Moringa oleifera dietary supplement reducing lead toxicity in Puntius altus

Moringa oleifera was investigated to reduce the lead toxicity in Puntius altus via histopathological analysis. P. altus (n = 30) was divided into 3 groups, for feeding program with the different M. oleifera concentration; 0, 20 and 60 mg g-1 fish food. After 4-weeks feeding time, all fish were exposed to 93.8 mg L-1 (50% of 24 h LC50) of lead for 24 h. The histopathologic...

Author(s): Sunisa Sirimongkolvorakul, Tawewan Tansatit, Narin Preyavichyapugdee, Piya Kosai, Kanitta Jiraungkoorskul and Wannee Jiraungkoorskul

January 2012

Antioxidant activities of Punica granatum (pomegranate) peel extract on brain of rats

Methanol extract of Punica granatum (pomegranate) peel was screened for its antioxidant activity on brain of adult male Wister albino rats. The antioxidant activity was determined by measuring reduced glutathione, catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione reductase, glutathione-S-transferase, and glutathione peroxidase. In addition, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), nitric oxide (NO) and lipid peroxidation (MDA)...

Author(s): Ahmed E. Abdel Moneim

January 2012

Antiproliferative activity of combination of Thai herbal remedy and chemotherapeutic agents on human cancer cell lines

Thai herbal remedies have long been used as traditional medicine in Thailand for cancer therapy, however, little is known for their scientific information especially their anticancer effects. In this study, one commonly used Thai herbal remedy for cancer therapy, was demonstrated for its antiproliferative effect on 7 human cancer cell lines; MDA-MB435, SKBR3, MCF-7, T47D, A549, SK-LU1 and Caco-2. Combination of...

Author(s): Tanawan Kummalue M. D., Monthira Suntiparpluacha M. S. and Weena Jiratchariyakul

January 2012

Neuroprotective effect of Spirulina (Arthrospira) maxima against kainic acid-induced neurotoxicity

Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathophysiology of neurologic disorders and brain dysfunctions. Spirulina (Arthrospira) maxima (SP) is a cyanobacteria with nutritional, pharmacological and important antioxidant activity. This study aims to evaluate the neuroprotective role of SP against kainic acid (KA) neurotoxicity. Male SW mice were treated with SP for 24 days (200, 400 and 800 mg/kg,...

Author(s): Pérez-Juárez Angélica, Pacheco-Rosado Jorge, Paniagua-Castro Norma, Alva-Sánchez Claudia and Chamorro-Cevallos Germán

January 2012

Effects of the application of vermicompost and phosphate solubilizing bacterium on the morphological traits and seed yield of anise (Pimpinella anisum L.)

The main objective of this study was to determine the effects of biofertilizers on the morphological traits and seed yield in the anise plant height, umbel number per plant, weight of 1000 seeds, biological and seed yield. The experiment was carried out at the Hamand Research Station in Damavand in 2009. Vermicompost (0, 5 and 10 ton/ha) and phosphate solubilizing bacterium, Bacillus circulans (non-inoculated,...

Author(s): Mohammad Taghi Darzi, Mohammadreza Haj Seyedhadi and Farhad Rejali

January 2012

Effects of modified pulsatilla decoction on avian colibacillosis and concentrations of nitrogen oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in serum

To investigate the mechanism of the Chinese herbal formula modified pulsatilla decoction (MPD) on chicken colibacillosis, the oral herbal liquid was used to treat chickens experimentally infected with Escherichia coli. The serum nitrogen oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) concentrations -were determined. The results showed that the MPD oral liquid administrated at a dose of 1.5, 1.0 and...

Author(s): Chunguang Wang, Tie Zhang, Xiuhui Zhong and Zhujun Zhao

January 2012

Bioactive compounds, antioxidant, tyrosinase inhibition, xanthine oxidase inhibition, anticholinesterase and anti inflammatory activities of Prunus mahaleb L. seed

Prunus mahaleb L. plant is cultivated for its seeds which are known as a spice. There is lack of information about its biological activities although it has long history of ethnopharmacological application. Therefore, this research was conducted to evaluate the bioactive compounds, antioxidant, tyrosinase inhibition, xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibition, anticholinesterase and anti inflammatory activities of...

Author(s): Armin Oskoueian, Reza Sadrabadi Haghighi, Mahmmod Ebrahimi and Ehsan Oskoueian

January 2012

Antibacterial activities of commonly used traditional Chinese medicines as cold and flu remedies

Coptis chinensis, Andrographis paniculata, Isatis Radix, Lonicera japonica Thunb, andSenecionis Scandentis are traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) widely used in China and eastern Asia for treatment of "warm diseases", including infectious diseases. They are main ingredients in many popular TCM formulas for "warm diseases". This study is to evaluate the antibacterial activity...

Author(s): Ankit Shah, Sivappa Rasapalli, Charlene Mello, Bal Ram Singh and Shuowei Cai

January 2012

Aerenchyma formation and increased accumulation of free proline in roots of xerophytic Aloe vera L. cultured in nutrient solutions

Aloe vera L. is a xerophyte with a crassulacean acid metabolism pathway. Due to its importance in traditional medicine, healthcare, cosmetics and food products, aloe production is currently at an accelerated pace worldwide. Field production, however, has been limited by its sensitivity to chilling temperature and also by low yield and low plant quality. To overcome these limitations, this study tested the...

Author(s): Yuchi He, Jinming Zhang, Hongxia Ma, Yi Tu, Jianjun Chen, Fazhi Chen, Hongliang Xu, Zhaojian Song, Detian Cai and Xiaoqiao Xue

January 2012

Evaluation of antioxidant and antifungal potential of Asphodelus aestivus Brot. growing in Turkey

In vitro antioxidant and antifungal activities of Asphodelus aestivus Brot. leaves were evaluated. Total flavonoid, chlorophyll and carotenoid contents, b-carotene bleaching effect, metal chelating ability, total antioxidant activity, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS), N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine...

Author(s): Aysegul Peksel, Nilay Altas-Kiymaz and Sema Imamoglu

January 2012

Active components, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of extracts from Melicope patulinervia

Melicope patulinervia (Merr. and Chun) Huang is the rare and endangered plant in the Hainan Province, China. In the purpose of exploring the value of its exploitation and utilization, this study was conceived to evaluate the antimicrobial, antioxidant activities and the active ingredients of this plant. Spectrophotometry was the basis for the determinations of total phenol and total flavonoids. Meanwhile, the...

Author(s): Ting Liu, Ke Yuan and Yanbing Zhang

January 2012

In vitro analysis of Cupressus sempervirens L. plant extracts antibaterial activity

The antibacterial activity of methanolic, ethanolic and ethyl acetate extracts of leaf ofCupressus sempervirens L. was determined on six bacteria, namely Staphylococcus aureus,Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae andSalmonella typhimurium using agar well diffusion method. Among the plant extracts, a significant antimicrobial activity was...

Author(s): Hassan Javed Chaudhary, Warda Shahid, Asghari Bano, Farman Ullah, Farooq Munis, Shah Fahad and Izhar Ahmad

January 2012

Effects of different levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers on some agromorphological and biochemical traits of German chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.)

In order to study the effect of various levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers on some agromorphological and biochemical traits of German chamomile, this experiment was conducted as a factorial experiment based on randomized complete blocks design with three replications in the years 2009 to 2010. Nitrogen levels were: 0, 50, and 100 kg/ha of pure nitrogen, phosphorus levels were: 0, 25, and 50 kg/ha...

Author(s): Naderidarbaghshahi Mohammadreza, Monemian Seyyed Mohammad, Zeynali Houseyn and Babak Bahari

January 2012

Cultivated and wild plantain (Plantago major) as a host of Stolbur phytoplasma in Serbia

The wild plantain (Plantago major) is an important medicinal plant. Symptoms suggestive of phytoplasma diseases were observed in infected plantain plants in Serbia. A new disease onP. major has symptoms of reduced leaf size, leaf reddening and crinkling, and occasionally rolling of flowers and early drying up. This disease was found first on the plantain plantation in Pancevo locality, but later has been found in...

Author(s): Dragana Josic, Snezana Pavlovic, Radmila Pivic, Slobodan Kuzmanovic, Sasa Stojanovic, Tatjana Popovic and Mira Starovic

January 2012

Identification of the medicinal plant Dipsacus asperoides from three other species in genus Dipsacus (Dipsaceae) by internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal deoxyribonucleic acid (rDNA ITS)

The internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal deoxyribonucleic acid (rDNA ITS including ITS1, 5.8S, and ITS2) of six populations of Dipsacus asperoides and two adulterants (Dipsacus japonicus and Dipsacus chinensis), were sequenced by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products sequencing method and a phylogenetic tree was constructed by neighbor-joining method with Mega 3.1 software. The sequences of...

Author(s): Li Dahui#, Wang Zaigui#, Liu Xueshi and Yuan Yi

January 2012

Antibacterial activity of Phoenix dactylifera L. leaf and pit extracts against selected Gram negative and Gram positive pathogenic bacteria

The crude methanol, acetone and water extracts of leaves and pits of three varieties ofPhoenix dactylifera were tested for antibacterial action against selected Gram positive and Gram negative pathogenic bacteria. Barring Enterococcus faecalis, the acetone and methanol extracts showed good antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Shigella flexeneri,...

Author(s): Kahkashan Perveen, Najat A. Bokhari and Dina A. W. Soliman

January 2012

Proximate composition and flavonoids content and in vitro antioxidant activity of 10 varieties of legume seeds grown in China

A comparative study of several Chinese legume varieties was carried out to evaluate the proximate composition and total flavonoid contents (TFC) and in vitro antioxidant activities of the selected legume seeds. Defatted legume seed flour was extracted with ethanol. The ethanolic extracts were then subjected to evaluating their in vitro antioxidant activities using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)...

Author(s): Shun-Cheng Ren#, Ze-Long Liu and Peng Wang

January 2012

Evaluation of antifungal effect of Lavandula officinalis, Salvia officinalis L., Sumac, Glycyrrhiza glabra, and Althaea officinalis extracts on Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus fumigatus, and Aspergillus flavus species

Using synthetic preservatives to control fungal disease has become important due to emergence of drug resistance and some side effects of the drugs’ remainder including carcinogenicity and teratogenicity. Lavandula, Salvia officinalis L., Sumac, Glycyrrhiza glabra, and Althaea officinalis are some medicinal plants with proved therapeutic effects as anti-microbial, anti-viral, and...

Author(s): Ahmad Rashidi, Bita Mousavi, Mohammad Reza Rahmani, Mohammad Ali Rezaee, Werya Hosaini, Yousef Motaharinia, Behrouz Davari, Ghasem Zamini

January 2012

Investigation of the antioxidant activity of Illicium verum extracts

Illicium verum has been widely used in many Asian countries as a spice and pharmaceutical treatment for many diseases. In this study, the antioxidant properties of the ethanol extracts fractionated by hexane, ethyl ether, chloroform and ethyl acetate, and supercritical CO2 extracts of the plant were evaluated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging effect, the total equivalent antioxidant...

Author(s): Cheng-Hong Yang, Fang-Rong Chang, Hsueh-Wei Chang, Shao-Ming Wang, Ming-Che Hsieh and Li-Yeh Chuang

January 2012

A pilot study for evaluation of antioxidant activity of resveratrol from Polygonum cuspidatum in senescence-accelerated mice

The current study was undertaken to measure the antioxidant activity and free radical scavenging ability of resveratrol from Polygonum cuspidatum in senescence-accelerated mice (SAM). The SAM were administered with resveratrol by introgastric gavage at doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg·bw for 2 months. The activities of the antioxidant enzymes namely superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and oxidation...

Author(s): Guishan Liu, Zesheng Zhang, Bo Yang and Wei He

January 2012

Phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial potential of methanolic leaf extract of peppermint (Mentha piperita: Lamiaceae)

The present investigation aims to assess the phytochemical content, antioxdative activity and antimicrobial activity of the methanolic leaf extract of locally available Mentha piperita, the mint plant. The methanolic leaf extract of mint leaves was analyzed qualitatively for the phytochemical contents as previously described. The 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl–hydrate radical (DPPH) free radical...

Author(s): Pramila, D. M., Xavier, R., Marimuthu, K., Kathiresan, S., Khoo, M. L.,Senthilkumar, M., Sathya, K. and Sreeramanan, S.

January 2012

Preliminary phytochemical screening and evaluation of the antibacterial and mutagenic activity of Rhynchocorys elephas (L.) Griseb

Traditional medicine has a key role in health care worldwide. Obtaining scientific information about the efficacy and safety of the plants is one of the researcher's goals. In this research, the flowering aerial parts of Rhynchocorys elephas (L.) Griseb (Scrophulariaceae) were collected from Siah Bisheh (Mazandaran, Iran) in May 2009. Extract was tested for its antibacterial activity using 3 Gram-positive...

Author(s): Mojdeh Hakemi Vala, Jinous Asgarpanah, Mona Akbari, Fatemeh Bagheri Bejestani and Hossein Jamalifar

January 2012

Effect of Nigella sativa L. (black seed) extract on some clinically significant aerobic actinomycetes

The effect of extracts of Nigella sativa seeds against some clinically important actinomycetes namely: Gordonia, Mycobacterium, Nocardia and Rhodococcus were investigated. Petroleum ether extract of N. sativa seeds was found to be  more effective than methanolic extracts. At 0.3 mg/ml, 0.5 cm inhibition zone was noticed in all test strains except Rhodococcus...

Author(s): Mohamed E. Hamid