Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3751

Table of Content: 18 March, 2010; 4(6)

March 2010

Saffron chemicals and medicine usage

The reputation of growing saffron is about 2500 years. Apparently saffron originally comes from Greece and Mediterranean region. There are some researchers who believe that origin of this plant comes from Iran. Iran is considered to be one of the greatest producers of saffron and nearly 90% of production of saffron is produced in Iran. There are varieties of chemical components present in the stigma of the saffron...

Author(s): Mohammad Sharrif Moghaddasi

March 2010

Regulation of macrophage and monocyte immune responses by water extract from the inner bark of Tabebuia avellanedae

Tabebuia sp. (Bignoniaceae) is representative traditional herbal plants, found in tropical rain forest areas throughout Central and South America. These plants have been mostly used as a folk medicine to treat bacterial infection, blood coagulation, cancer and inflammatory diseases. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate the modulatory role of Tabebuia avellanedae in various macrophage- or...

Author(s): Byung Hun Kim , Jaehwi Lee , Kook Hyun Kim and Jae Youl Cho

March 2010

Screening of antimicrobial potential of extracts and pure compounds isolated from Capparis decidua

In the present investigation antimicrobial activity of solvent and aqueous extracts of Capparis decidua was determined against seven bacterial strains that isKlebsiella pneumoniae (ATCC 15380), Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Micrococcus luteus (ATCC 9341), Streptococcus pneumoniae (ATCC 12755), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923), Bacillus cereus (ATCC 11778) andLactobacilus...

Author(s): Ravi Kant Upadhyay, Shoeb Ahmad, Rajani Tripathi, Leena Rohtagi and Subhash C. Jain

March 2010

Rhodiola crenulata inhibits the tumorigenic properties of invasive mammary epithelial cells with stem cell characteristics

Rhodiola is a high altitude perennial plant that is widespread in Eastern Europe and Asia. The root of the Rhodiola plant has been used for many years in eastern traditional medicine and it is well known for cardio-protective and central nervous system enhancement effects. It is considered a plant-derived “adaptogen” which is capable of maintaining a physiological homeostasis upon...

Author(s): Kelly J. Gauger, Adaris Rodríguez-Cortés, Malgorzata Hartwich and Sallie Smith Schneider,

March 2010

Chinese medicinal herb therapy for the rehabilitation of peripheral facial palsy

Chinese medicinal herb therapy was adopted to treat 68 cases of peripheral facial paralysis. The treatment was conducted once daily, with 10 days being a therapeutic course. Following three courses of treatments, the results showed a reliable and rapid clinical therapeutic effect that 35 cases were cured, 17 cases experienced remarkable effect, and 9 cases had improvement and failure in 7 cases, with a total effective...

Author(s): Yin Lu Weiqing Chen, Wei Ke and Shaohua Wu

March 2010

Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects of honeybee (Apis mellifera) venom against acne-inducing bacteria

Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous follicles.Propionibacterium acnes plays a critical role in the development of these inflammatory lesions. The present study was conducted to evaluate the antimicrobial property of honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) venom (BV) against the etiologic agents of acne vulgaris. Incubation of the skin bacteria P. acnes, clindamycin-resistant P....

Author(s): SangMi Han, KwangGil Lee, JooHong Yeo, HaJu Baek and Kwankyu Park

March 2010

Differences of rhizo-bacterial diversity and the content of peimine and peiminine of Fritillaria thunbergii among different habits

To explore the differences of rhizo-bacterial diversity among different habits and the relationship between the quality of Fritillaria thunbergii and microbial diversity, the soil bacterial diversity was analyzed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the content of peimine and peiminine in F. thunbergii was detected by high performance liquid...

Author(s): Xiaofeng Yuan, Jian Xu, Hui Chai, Huirong Lin, Yuanqiang Yang, Xingde Wo and Jiyan Shi

March 2010

Variation in icariin and flavonoid contents of barrenwort species

Flavonoid and icariin contents of five barrenwort species native to Sichuan, China, of the genus Epimedium were determined by means of HPLC and UV. The icariin and flavonoid contents of the root, stem and leaf differed significantly among five barrenwort species, and showed the same trend in the five barrenwort species and significantly differed from each other, that's leaf > root> stem, except...

Author(s): Qiu-Mei Quan, Wei Wu, Yun-Xiang Li, and Qian-Rong Cai

March 2010

Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of methanolic extracts of Perilla frutescens

Perilla frutescens is a common traditional Chinese medicinal plant used to treat a variety of diseases. The methanolic extracts from different parts of P. frutescens were evaluated for their antioxidant and antiproliferative activities. The antioxidant activities of P. frutescens were evaluated by using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging methods. Reducing power, metal...

Author(s): En-Shyh Lin, Hung-Ju Chou, Po-Lin Kuo, Yi-Chun Huang

March 2010

Molecular cloning and characterization of the secoisolariciresinol dehydrogenase gene Involved in podophyllotoxin biosynthetic pathway from Tibet Dysosma

Secoisolariciresinol dehydrogenase catalyzes the conversion of secoisolariciresinol into matairesinol that is a central precursor of antiviral and anti-tumor podophyllotoxin. The full - length cDNA encoding secoisolariciresinol dehydrogenase (designated as DtSD) was cloned and characterized from Tibet Dysosma, Dysosma tsayuensis Ying. The full-length DtSD cDNA was 994 bps containing an 837-bp open reading...

Author(s): Xiaozhong Lan, Suxia Ren, Yijian Yang, Min Chen, Chuanxian Yang, Hong Quan, Guohui Zhong, and Zhihua Liao

March 2010

Possible nitric oxide modulation in protective effects of withaferin A against stress induced neurobehavioural changes

The involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in stress-induced neurobehavioral changes in rats was evaluated using the elevated plus maze and open field tests. Restraint stress (1 h) reduced both the number of entries and time spent in open arms, with both expressed vehicle- controls and these changes were reversed with diazepam (1 mg/kg) and withaferin A(10 - 50 mg/Kg, i.p), N-nitro-L -arginine methyl ester ( L-NAME) (50...

Author(s): Zaved Ahmed Khan and Asit Ranjan Ghosh

March 2010

Larvicidal activities of ethanol extract of Allium sativum (garlic bulb) against the filarial vector, Culex quinquefasciatus

Vector control is facing a threat due to the emergence of resistance to synthetic insecticides. Insecticides of botanical origin may serve as suitable alternative biocontrol techniques in the future. Garlic bulbs are common and widely distributed in many parts of Nigeria with medicinal properties, but the larvicidal activity of this plant has not been reported so far. Ethanol extract of Allium...

Author(s): I. G. Kalu, U. Ofoegbu, J. Eroegbusi, C. U. Nwachukwu and B. Ibeh