Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3813

Table of Content: 25 April, 2013; 7(16)

April 2013

Anti-ulcer activity of Swietenia mahagoni leaf extract in ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage in rats

Swietenia mahagoni (West Indian mahogany) has been reported to have medicinal uses, such as treatment for hypertension, cancer, amoebiasis, chest pains and intestinal parasitism. The present study was performed to evaluate, the acute toxicity and anti-ulcer activity of S. mahagoni ethanol leaf extract against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer. 24 rats included in this study were divided into 4 groups with 6...

Author(s): Salmah Al-Radahe, Khaled Abdul-Aziz Ahmed, Suzy Salama, Mahmood Ameen Abdulla, Zahra A. Amin, Saad Al-Jassabi and Harita Hashim    

April 2013

Overview of commonly used Chinese herbs

There are several Chinese herbs used as food supplement or as an alternative medicine.Fructus lycii, Panax ginseng, Cervi cornu pantotrichum, Herba epimedii and Angelica sinensis are among the most commonly prescribed. All of them have been claimed for various indications which are mainly due to their variety of active ingredients or chemical compositions. Even though Chinese herbs have...

Author(s): Pornanong Aramwit and Suntchai Wirotsaengthong    

April 2013

Antimycobacterial activity of Populus alba leaf extracts

Tuberculosis (TB) is the principal cause of death worldwide due to an infectious agent,Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The search for new anti-TB drugs, especially from plants, is needed due to the emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR), extensively drug-resistant (XDR) strains and nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimycobacterial activity of the white poplar tree (Populus...

Author(s): Amina Cherif Haouat, Souraya El Guendouzi, Abdellatif Haggoud, Suzanna David,Hakima Sqalli, Saad Ibnsouda and Mohammed Iraqui      

April 2013

Acute toxicity and safety assessment of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) leaf extract in rats

Catechin-rich oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) leaf extract (OPLE) possesses good anti-diabetic, anti-hypertension, antioxidant, organ-protective, cardiovascular properties and other health benefits.  Previous sub-chronic daily supplement of 500 mg kg-1 body weight (bw) for 3 months in rats showed no significant adverse effects. The present investigation was carried out to evaluate the acute toxicity of the...

Author(s): Victor Uchenna Anyanji, Suhaila Mohamed, and Hair Bin Bejo      

April 2013

Histological, histochemical and immunohistochemical evaluation of the effects of seed and pulp of Carica papaya on the visual relay centres in animal model

The effects of the pulp and seeds of Carica papaya (Honey dew variety) on the visual relay centres in rats were investigated. Thirty rats were randomly grouped into three groups (A, B, and C) of ten rats each. Each of the rats in groups A, B and C were fed with 8.50 g of standard rat pellet, 8.50 g of 1:1 mixture of C. papaya pulp and the standard rat chow, and 8.50 g of 1:1 mixture of C....

Author(s): Ola Abdurrasheed MUHAMMED, Adedayo D. ADEKOMI,  Benard U. ENAIBEand A. Adewale ADEMOSUN    

April 2013

Medicinal biodiversity of weeds and livelihood security of District Shangla, Pakistan

District Shangla is a hot center of plant biodiversity located in Hindukash Range, Pakistan. A study was conducted during 2005 and 2006 to investigate the medicinal weeds in the District Shangla, Pakistan. Study revealed that there are 22 medicinal weeds belonging to 13 families. Among these, 10 weeds are perennial, 10 weeds are annual, one is biennial and one is parasitic. Plants were systematically arranged into...

Author(s): Abdul  Razzaq, Abdur Rashid, Muhammad Islam and  Ajmal Iqbal    

April 2013

Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activity of field-growth plants and tissue culture of Cleome spinosa (Jacq.) in mice

Methanol extracts (ME) of Cleome spinosa obtained from plants of natural growing areas (NP) and acclimatized plants (AP), as well as from the lipophilic mass containing beta-carotene (LMBC) produced from callus cultures were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive potentials. These properties were studied using carrageenan-induced paw edema and acetic acid-induced writhing animal models. The...

Author(s): Norma Albarello, Claudia Simões-Gurgel, Tatiana Carvalho de Castro, Carlos Roberto M. Gayer, Marsen Garcia Pinto Coelho, Roberto Soares de Moura and Elisabeth Mansur    

April 2013

Molecular diversity analysis of Asparagus racemosus and its adulterants using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)

Leaves of 28 genotypes of 4 species of the genus Asparagus, namely: Asparagus racemosus, Asparagus falcatus, Asparagus officinalis and Asparagus plumosus were analyzed for genetic diversity by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Out of one hundred 10-mer RAPD primers screened, 25 were selected for comparative analysis of different accessions of A. ...

Author(s): Akansha Singh, Ved Prakash Rai, Major Singh, A. K. Singh and B. Sinha    

April 2013

Allelopathic effects of Paeonia decomposita on seed germination and protective enzymes activities of wheat

The root, stem and leaf aqueous extracts of Paeonia decomposita were assayed at 0.025, 0.050, 0.075 and 0.1 g ml-1 for their seed germination and early seedling growth of wheat. All aqueous extracts at all concentrations inhibited seed germination and seedling growth of wheat compared with the control, and the degree of inhibition increased with the incremental extracts concentration. Protective enzymes...

Author(s): Xiao-Jun Yan, Hui-Xing Song, Guang-Li Liu and Qi-Bing Chen    

April 2013

Essential oil composition and antibacterial activity of Achillea millefolium L. from different regions in North east of Iran

Achillea millefolium L. belongs to Asteraceae family and widely distributed in Mountainous and Steppe regions of Golestan province. The aerial parts of plant were collected from two different regions (700 to 2300 m) and the essential oils were obtained by hydro distillation. Essential oil compositions were analyzed by Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Different compounds were identified and...

Author(s): Masumeh Mazandarani, Seyedeh Zohreh Mirdeilami and Mohammad Pessarakli    

April 2013

Chemical composition, bio-herbicidal and antifungal activities of essential oils isolated from Tunisian common cypress (Cupressus sempervirens L.)

The chemical composition of essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from leaves, branches and female cones of Tunisian Cupressus sempervirens L. was determined by gas chromatography (GC) and CG-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis, 52 compounds were identified; qualitative and quantitative differences between oils were observed. All oils were rich in monoterpene hydrocarbons, and the major constituents...

Author(s): Amri Ismail, Hamrouni Lamia, , Hanana Mohsen, Gargouri Samia and Jamoussi Bassem    

April 2013

Correlation of trace elemental content in selected anticancer medicinal plants with their curative ability using particle induced x-ray emission (PIXE

Trace elemental analysis employing particle induced x-ray emission (PIXE) technique was carried out in some selected medicinal plants used in the preparation of anti-cancer drugs. The 3MV Pelletron Accelerator at Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India was used for the present PIXE measurements. A beam of 3 MeV protons, collimated to a diameter of 2 mm, bombarded the samples placed at an angle of 45° to the beam...

Author(s): G. J. Naga Raju, P. Sarita, J. Chandra Sekhara Rao, K.C. B. Rao and S. Bhuloka Reddy    

April 2013

Synthesis and elementary investigation of a new spectrophotometric reagent

The study is focused on the development of new spectrophotometric reagent for metal ion determination. The synthesis was through the condensation reaction between amino compounds and carbonyl compound. The spectrophotometric activities of the new reagent was studied using chromium (VI), cobalt (II), Hg (II), Cu(II) and Pb (II) respectively. The use of Jenway UV/VIS spectrophotometer (double beam) model 6505 was used to...

Author(s): Adewusi, S. G