Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3799

Table of Content: 3 January, 2014; 8(1)

January 2014

A new acylated luteolin glycoside from Curcuma Longa L. and free radical scavenging potential of its extracts

The ethanol and water extracts of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) displayed free radical scavenging activity. Chemical investigation of the ethanolic extract led to the isolation of a new acylated luteolin glucoside, luteolin-7-O-(6"-p-hydroxybenzoyl-b-D-glucopyranoside) (compound 1), together with the known flavonoids: luteolin 7-O-b-D-glucopyranoside (compound 2), apigenin-7-O-b-D-glucopyranoside (compound 3),...

Author(s): Manal H. Shabana and Manal S. Afifi

January 2014

Ethnobotanical survey of some medicinal important leafy vegetables in North Western Nigeria

This paper focuses on twenty-eight medicinally important leafy vegetables documented from the North Western part of Nigeria. It also highlights their medicinal importance in the treatment of minor ailments as well as their sources. The family Compositae (Asteraceae) contained the highest number of plants, followed by Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae and Solanaceae. Sixty eight percent of the documented vegetables are...

Author(s): S. Muhammad and M. A. Shinkafi

January 2014

Studies on the molecular mechanism of cholesterol reduction by Fraxinus angustifolia, Peumus boldus, Cynara cardunculus and Pterospartum tridentatum infusions

Infusions of Peumus boldus Molina, Cynara cardunculus L., Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl and Pterospartum tridentatum (L.) Willk are recommended in Portugal to reduce serum cholesterol levels, among other effects. Volunteers drinking these infusions showed plasma total cholesterol reductions of 14% with Pterospartum boldus and 22% with P. tridentatum. C. cardunculus mixed with F. angustifolia or P. tridentatum resulted in...

Author(s): Pedro L. Falé, Catarina Ferreira, Ana M. Rodrigues, Fátima N. Frazão, and Maria L. M. Serralheiro,

January 2014

The effect of foliar applied urea on growth, yield, and oil contents of lemon grass variety-OD-19

The influence of different foliar applications of urea on growth, essential oil accumulation in lemon grass (Cymbopogan flexuosus L.) was studied at the research area of medicinal and aromatic plants under department of Crop and Herbal Physiology during 2008 to 2009 to estimate the yield components, namely, plant height, tillers per plant, biomass yield, accumulation of essential oil, with treatment of different doses...

Author(s): Singh Aradhna and Singh Yashpal

January 2014

Central nervous system depressant and analgesic activities of Scutia myrtina in experimental animal model

  The purpose of this study is to investigate the central nervous system (CNS) depressant and analgesic activities of the ethanol extract of Scutia myrtina (EESM) (Family: Rhamnaceae) in Swiss albino mice. To evaluate the CNS depressant activity by using the methods such as general behavior, exploratory behavior, muscle relaxant activity and phenobarbitone sodium-induced sleeping time were studied....

Author(s): Sambath Kumar R, Asok Kumar K and Venkateswara Murthy N

January 2014

Changes in Kaempferol content of Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) under water deficit stresses and planting densities

To investigate the beneficial impacts of plant density on drought resistance of chicory (Cichorium intybus L. var. ‘Qazvin’), we conducted an experiment in the field by measuring certain features essentially related to yield characters. Our objective in this study was to assess the interactive effects of various plant densities (6, 9, 12 and 15 plants/m2) and watering limitation. In the latter, water supply...

Author(s): Mahdi Taheri Asghari and Hossein Aliabadi Farahani

January 2014

Proteomic analysis of acute kidney allograft rejection in rat

Kidney transplantation to treat end-stage renal disease has evolved rapidly from the first successful transplantations to the current widespread use of grafts from both cadaveric and living donors. But acute rejection is still a strong risk factor for chronic rejection in recipients of renal grafts. To investigate possible mechanisms, we describe a comparison between different proteins expression profile of acute...

Author(s): Chen Gang, Mi Jie, Wu XiaoHou, Luo ChunLi, Li JiaBing, Tang YaXiong and Li Jie

January 2014

Rapid in vitro multiplication and biological potentialities of Sericostoma pauciflorum stocks ex Wight

In the present study, an efficient in vitro plant regeneration protocol for Sericostoma pauciflorum stocks ex Wight, which is known for hypoglycemic efficacy, was achieved. Callus cultures from nodal explants were raised on Murashige and Skoog’s (MS) medium with Indole acetic acid (IAA, 0.5 to 2 mg/l) and 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D, 0.5 to 2 mg/l). Shoot regeneration occurred from callus cultures...

Author(s): Satish C. Jain, Boskey Pancholi and Renuka Jain

January 2014

Antidiabetic and genotoxic effects on Wistar rats treated with aqueous extract from Chrysobalanus icaco L.

Chrysobalanus icaco L. is a medicinal plant, used to treat diabetes and dyslipidemia in Brazil. The biological effects may vary depending on the source of plant. Experiments were performed to assess these effects from plants collected in the field and those obtained from dried herbs market. Glycemia, cholesterol and triglycerides serum concentrations were measured in healthy and diabetic rats treated with aqueous...

Author(s): S. C. Ferreira-Machado, R. F. Gagliardi, A. P. M. Nunes, M. P. Rodrigues, F. J. S. Dantas, J. C. P. De Mattos, C. A. F. Peregrino, E. G. Moura and A. Caldeira-de-Araujo

January 2014

Establishment of hairy root culture and production of secondary metabolites in Coleus (Coleus forskohlii)

Production of hairy roots through transformation and in vitro culture was attempted in Coleus using MTCC 2364 strain of Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Nodal stem part and mature leaf were used as explants. The nodal stem part responded with huge amount of root production. From the nodal part first 3 to 4cm long shoot emergence took place and after that within 12 days roots started emerging from base of node. If the shoot...

Author(s): Rajiv Pandey, V. Krishnasamy, N. Kumaravadivel and K. Rajamani

January 2014

In vitro antioxidant, total phenolic, membrane stabilizing and antimicrobial activity of Allamanda cathartica L.: A medicinal plant of Bangladesh

The methanol extract of the leaf of Allamanda cathartica L. as well as its hexane, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform and aqueous soluble partitionates were subjected to screening for antioxidant, membrane stabilizing and antimicrobial activities. The antioxidant potential was evaluated by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and Folin-Ciocalteau reagents using butylated hydroxytolune (BHT) and ascorbic acid as standards....

Author(s): Rehan Sarker, Tasnuva Sharmin, Farhana Islam and Sharmin Reza Chowdhury

January 2014

Antinociceptive effects of Maytenus imbricata Mart. ex. Reissek (Celastraceae) root extract and its tingenone constituent

Plants belonging to the genus Maytenus (Celastraceae) are routinely used in folk medicine for the treatment of pain and inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the in vivo anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects of the root extracts and tingenone, a natural triterpene, from Maytenus imbricata Mart. ex. Reissek. Oral pre-treatment with methanol extract (ME), ethyl acetate extract (EAE) (both 100...

Author(s): Clarice de Carvalho Veloso, Vanessa Gregório Rodrigues, Adolfo de Oliveira Azevedo, Cristina da Costa Oliveira, Lindisley Ferreira Gomides, Lucienir Pains Duarte, Igor Dimitri Duarte, Andre Klein and Andrea de Castro Perez

January 2014

Chemical composition of essential oil from the fiddleheads of Pteridium aquilinum L. Kuhn found in Ogoni

The present study was designed to determine the chemical composition of the essential oil from the fiddleheads of Pteridium aquilinum L. Kuhn, so as to enable more effective utilization of such bioactive ingredients. Gas chromatography analysis of the essential oil distillate revealed the presence of 40 compounds that consisted mainly of alkanes (86.60%), monoterpenes (3.20%) and sesquiterpenes (2.40%). The most...

Author(s): Barine I. Nwiloh, Comfort C. Monago and Augustine A. Uwakwe

January 2014

Using toasted barley in sesame oil mixture for non-surgical necrosis debridement of experimental burns in rat

Burns are the most damaging kind of injuries, major global public health crisis and the fourth most common types of trauma. Decision making in the treatment of burns remains a challenge despite existence of improved assessment techniques and treatment procedures. One of the most complications in healing of burn tissues is necrosis. Several medicinal plants were used to treat skin disorders as burn wounds and necrosis so...

Author(s): Parviz Bazzi, Samad Akbarzadeh, Narges Obeidi, Mohamad kazem Noohpisheh, Adel Daneshi and Afshar Bargahi