The purpose of this research was surveying the effect of interaction between eye hand dominance on dart skill. Twenty healthy male subjects (age: 21.43±1.33) from University of Shahid Chamran were served as the participants for this study. Subjects were divided into two groups: unilateral (right eye and right hand or left eye and left hand) group (10 subjects) and cross lateral (right eye and left hand or left eye and right hand) group (10 subjects). Each group trained for 12 sessions in the same condition. The acquisition test was made after the last training session and the retention test was made 1 week later. The scores of pre-test, acquisition and retention were recorded. Subjects threw 60 darts in each training session. Porta (Roth, 2002) and Hole in the card test (Sage, 1984) was used to select eye dominance and Edinburgh questionnaire (Oldfield, 1971) was used to determine handedness. Values of p<0.05 were chosen as significant. The results of dependent t-test (paired t-test) analysis showed that there was a significant difference between the pre-test, acquisition and retention between two groups that showed both groups learn dart skill. On the other hand, the subjects of two groups improved significantly in acquisition and retention phases rather than pre-test phase. Moreover, the results of independent t-test showed that there was no significant difference between unilateral and cross lateral in acquisition and retention tests. Our findings revealed that interaction between hand and eye dominance does not affect dart skill.
Key words: Unilateral, cross lateral, dart.
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