Drought stress occurring during the post-flowering growth stage of sorghum can cause considerable reduction in yield. In order to identify drought tolerant Eritrean sorghum landraces and assess efficiency of drought tolerance indices, twenty five sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) accessions were evaluated in split plot design with three replications. Fully irrigated and drought stress treatments were assigned in main plot and the landraces were evaluated in sub plot for drought stress tolerance at post-flowering. Seven tolerance indices including stress tolerance index (STI), mean productivity (MP), geometric mean productivity (GMP), stress susceptibility index (SSI), tolerance index (TOL), yield index (YI), and yield stability index (YSI) were estimated for each genotype based on grain yield under drought stress (Ys) and irrigated conditions (Yir). Significant correlations between Yir and Ys with GMP, MP, STI and YI were recorded indicating that these indices were good predictors of drought tolerance among genotypes. The other stress tolerance indices namely, TOL, SSI, YSI and YI were not significantly correlated with Yir and Ys indicating that they were poor predictors of drought tolerance. The study further showed that drought stress reduced the yield of some genotypes while others were tolerant to drought and gave stable yield. Based on the tolerance indices, accessions EG 885, EG 469, EG 481, EG 849, Hamelmalo, EG 836 and EG 711 were identified as superior genotypes for post-flowering drought tolerance that could be used by breeders in further sorghum improvement programs.
Key words: Drought stress, drought tolerance, post-flowering, selection index, Sorghum bicolor.
Copyright © 2021 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0