Journal of
Plant Breeding and Crop Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9758
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 409

Full Length Research Paper

Identification of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) landraces tolerant to post flowering drought stress using drought tolerance indices

Tesfamichael Abraha1,2*, Aggrey Bernard Nyende2, Stephen Githiri Mwangi2, Remmy Kasili2 and Woldeamlak Araia1
1Hamelmalo Agricultural College (HAC), P. O. Box 397, Keren, Eritrea. 2Institute of Biotechnology Research, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), P. O. Box 62000, Nairobi, Kenya.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Received: 03 June 2015
  •  Accepted: 03 July 2015
  •  Published: 28 July 2015

Abstract

Drought stress occurring during the post-flowering growth stage of sorghum can cause considerable reduction in yield. In order to identify drought tolerant Eritrean sorghum landraces and assess efficiency of drought tolerance indices, twenty five sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) accessions were evaluated in split plot design with three replications. Fully irrigated and drought stress treatments were assigned in main plot and the landraces were evaluated in sub plot for drought stress tolerance at post-flowering. Seven  tolerance indices including stress tolerance index (STI), mean productivity (MP), geometric mean productivity (GMP), stress susceptibility index (SSI), tolerance index (TOL), yield index (YI), and yield stability index (YSI) were estimated for each genotype based on grain yield under drought stress (Ys) and irrigated conditions (Yir). Significant correlations between Yir and Ys with GMP, MP, STI and YI were recorded indicating that these indices were good predictors of drought tolerance among genotypes. The other stress tolerance indices namely, TOL, SSI, YSI and YI were not significantly correlated with Yir and Ys indicating that they were poor predictors of drought tolerance. The study further showed that drought stress reduced the yield of some genotypes while others were tolerant to drought and gave stable yield. Based on the tolerance indices, accessions EG 885, EG 469, EG 481, EG 849, Hamelmalo, EG 836 and EG 711 were identified as superior genotypes for post-flowering drought tolerance that could be used by breeders in further sorghum improvement programs.

 

Key words: Drought stress, drought tolerance, post-flowering, selection index, Sorghum bicolor.