Journal of
Plant Breeding and Crop Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9758
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 409

Full Length Research Paper

Selection of cooking banana genotypes for yield and black Sigatoka resistance in different locations in Uganda

Robooni Tumuhimbise
  • Robooni Tumuhimbise
  • National Banana Research Program, National Agricultural Research Organization, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda
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Henry Buregyeya
  • Henry Buregyeya
  • National Banana Research Program, National Agricultural Research Organization, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda
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Alex Barekye
  • Alex Barekye
  • National Banana Research Program, National Agricultural Research Organization, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda
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Reuben T. Ssali1,
  • Reuben T. Ssali1,
  • National Banana Research Program, National Agricultural Research Organization, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda
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David Talengera
  • David Talengera
  • National Banana Research Program, National Agricultural Research Organization, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda
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Jerome Kubiriba
  • Jerome Kubiriba
  • National Banana Research Program, National Agricultural Research Organization, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda
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Sedrach Muhangi
  • Sedrach Muhangi
  • National Banana Research Program, National Agricultural Research Organization, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda
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Betty Namagembe
  • Betty Namagembe
  • National Banana Research Program, National Agricultural Research Organization, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda
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Priver Namanya
  • Priver Namanya
  • National Banana Research Program, National Agricultural Research Organization, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda
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Geofrey Arinaitwe
  • Geofrey Arinaitwe
  • National Banana Research Program, National Agricultural Research Organization, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda
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Wilberforce K. Tushemereirwe
  • Wilberforce K. Tushemereirwe
  • National Banana Research Program, National Agricultural Research Organization, P. O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda
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Deborah Karamura
  • Deborah Karamura
  • Bioversity International, Box 24384, Kampala, Uganda
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Eldad Karamura
  • Eldad Karamura
  • Bioversity International, Box 24384, Kampala, Uganda
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  •  Received: 14 January 2016
  •  Accepted: 17 February 2016
  •  Published: 31 May 2016

Abstract

It is imperative to systematically evaluate new banana genotypes in different locations before national release. This enables selection and recommendation of superior genotypes as new varieties for a wider range of environments. The objective of the present study was to select banana genotypes with stable and high performance for bunch yield and leaf black Sigatoka resistance. Eleven cooking banana genotypes developed by the Uganda National Agricultural Research Organization in collaboration with Bioversity International, and two check varieties were evaluated in multi-location preliminary yield trials in Uganda. Data collected were analyzed using Additive Main Effects and Multiplicative Interaction (AMMI) model, AMMI Stability Value, and Genotype Selection Index (GSI). Genotype × location interaction was significant for all the traits assessed. Most of the new genotypes had low interaction effects with locations for bunch yield (69.2%) and black Sigatoka (92.3%). The most stable genotypes for bunch yield were NABIO815, NABIO1117, NABIO216 and NABIO306 whereas for black Sigatoka resistance, were  NABIO1011, NABIO815, NABIO1009 and NABIO216. Using the GSI that defines the most desirable genotypes as those that combine high agronomic performance and stability across environments, four genotypes (NABIO306, NABIO1011, NABIO808 and NABIO1009) were selected. These genotypes, in addition to their high performance for agronomic traits and stability, had soft and yellow fruit pulp on cooking, and will be advanced on farm for further evaluation.

 

Key words: Banana breeding, AMMI, AMMI stability value, genotype selection index.