Journal of
Plant Breeding and Crop Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9758
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 392

Full Length Research Paper

Selection of drought tolerant genotypes in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) using indices

Ousmane Sanogo
  • Ousmane Sanogo
  • West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement, University of Ghana, P. M. B. 30, Legon, Accra, Ghana.
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Pangirayi B. Tongoona
  • Pangirayi B. Tongoona
  • West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement, University of Ghana, P. M. B. 30, Legon, Accra, Ghana.
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Kwadwo Ofori
  • Kwadwo Ofori
  • West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement, University of Ghana, P. M. B. 30, Legon, Accra, Ghana.
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Haile Desmae
  • Haile Desmae
  • International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, BP 320 Bamako, Mali.
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  •  Received: 28 November 2019
  •  Accepted: 21 April 2020
  •  Published: 30 June 2020

Abstract

A study was carried out to evaluate the effect of drought stress on pod yield and other traits of groundnut genotypes to select the ten best performing genotypes using indices. Ninety six genotypes including 90 F2:3 progenies, 4 parents and 2 checks were planted under well-watered (WW) and water-stressed (WS) conditions at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics ICRISAT, Mali. Six selection indices including mean productivity (MP), tolerance (TOL), geometric mean productivity (GMP), stress tolerance index (STI), drought tolerance index (DTI) and reduction (%) (RED) were used. The indices were adjusted based on pod yield under WW and WS conditions. High DTI, STI, MP, and GMP values under both well-watered and water-stressed conditions were more effective in identifying high yielding cultivars under water limited conditions. Based on these indices, the F2:3 progenies ICGV-IS 13012F2-B1-297, ICGV-IS 13012F2-B1-40, ICGV-IS 13005F2-B1-46, ICGV-IS 13005F2-B1-252, ICGV-IS 13012F2-B1-29, ICGV-IS 13005F2-B1-205, ICGV-IS 13005F2-B1-287, ICGV-IS 13012F2-B1-525, ICGV-IS 13012F2-B1-576 and ICGV-IS 13005F2-B1-91 were identified as the most drought tolerant genotypes with high yield stability in the well-watered and drought stress conditions. The indices STI, MP and GMP were positively correlated with pod yield under WW and WS conditions and breeding for drought tolerance.

Key words: Groundnut, breeding, selection indices, drought stress.