Journal of
Plant Breeding and Crop Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9758
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 409

Full Length Research Paper

Correlation analysis for maize grain yield, other agronomic parameters and Striga affected traits under Striga infested/free environment

J. Halidu
  • J. Halidu
  • Department of Crop Science, Federal University, Dutse, P.M.B. 7156. Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria.
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L. Abubakar
  • L. Abubakar
  • Department of Crop Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria.
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U. A. Izge
  • U. A. Izge
  • Department of Crop Science, Federal University, Dutse, P.M.B. 7156. Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria.
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S. G. Ado
  • S. G. Ado
  • Department of Plant Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Nigeria.
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H. Yakubu
  • H. Yakubu
  • Department of Crop Science, Federal University, Dutse, P.M.B. 7156. Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria.
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B. S. Haliru
  • B. S. Haliru
  • Department of Crop Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 08 July 2013
  •  Accepted: 17 November 2014
  •  Published: 01 January 2015

Abstract

Evaluation of 15 F1 hybrids and six parents obtained from partial diallel crosses was carried out during 2011 rainy season at Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) Samaru, Zaria Striga infested field and Striga free field (2 environments). Interrelationships of grain yield and its components under Striga infestation revealed that character ear height had positive and highly significant phenotypic correlation with grain yield (rph = 0.55)**. While the remaining six characters recorded no significant correlation with grain yield. Similarly, Striga related parameters with Striga affected traits indicated high and highly significant positive correlation between Striga count one with Striga count two (rg= 0.79, rph = 0.92 and re  = 0.96)** and Striga rating (rg = 0.84, rph = 0.71 and re = 0.77)** and also had highly significant positive genotypic correlation with number of leaves per plant (rg = 0.79**) Striga count two exihibited high and highly significant positive phenotypic and environmental correlation with the traits Striga rating (rph = 0.78**and re = 0.71**) and number of leaves per plant (rph = 0.64** and re = 0.55**). While Striga rating recorded highly significant positive genotypic correlation (rg = 0.89**) coefficient rph = 0.78** and rph= 0.97** respectively. At Striga free environment grain yield was positively significantly correlated with 1000 grain weight (rph = 0.43* and re = 0.45*), highly significantly positively correlated at genotypic level (rg= 0.69)**, phenotypic level (rph = 0.52)* and environmental level (re = 0.43)* with number of leaves per plant. Furthermore, plant height with grain yield recorded highly significant positive correlation genotypically, phenotypically and environmentally with the following coefficients (rg = 0.86, rph= 0.67 and re = 0.58)**, and likewise ear height and grain yield revealed significantly positive correlation with the following coefficients rg = 0.45*, rph = 0.48* and re = 0.49*. Thus characters such as ear height, plant height, number of leaves per plant and 1000 grain weight should be taken into cognizance when selecting high yielding genotypes. Hybrids TZEEI 11 x TZEEI 3, TZEEI 11 x TZEEI 7 are outstanding in performance, especially grain yield and TZEEI 11 is good for hybrid formation.

 

Key words: correlation, Striga parameters, grain yield and Striga affected traits.