Journal of
Physical Education and Sport Management

  • Abbreviation: J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6486
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPESM
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 74

Full Length Research Paper

Making the best food choices before competing: Developing and evaluating a nutritional intervention with the intervention-mapping framework

Morin Pascale*
  • Morin Pascale*
  • University of Sherbrooke, Canada.
  • Google Scholar
Frechette Martin
  • Frechette Martin
  • University of Sherbrooke, Canada.
  • Google Scholar
Grand'Maison Sara
  • Grand'Maison Sara
  • University of Sherbrooke, Canada.
  • Google Scholar
Lavoie Jose
  • Lavoie Jose
  • University of Sherbrooke, Canada.
  • Google Scholar
Jean-Francois Belanger
  • Jean-Francois Belanger
  • University of Sherbrooke, Canada.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 04 August 2015
  •  Accepted: 16 October 2015
  •  Published: 31 January 2016

Abstract

This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a nutritional intervention held during the Canada Summer Games – Sherbrooke, 2013. This multicomponent intervention combined environmental and educational strategies, focusing on helping athletes in making adequate food choices before their competition. Intervention mapping was used to guide the intervention process focused on food offerings, coaches, and athletes. A committee was formed, a food policy was adopted, information was sent to the coaches prior to their arrival on site, and the cafeteria was plastered with posters indicating to athletes the best food choices before competing. A convenience sample of 48 athletes and 77 coaches answered questions pertaining to how they perceived the intervention. According to the results, many of the athletes stated that the information on the posters was useful in choosing their foods. Eight of them indicated that they used the poster information to achieve better performance. Thirty-six athletes expressed an interest in seeing the intervention components displayed at future competitions and stated that they would use the poster content at other sports events. Twenty- eight athletes suggested that plans should be made to better promote the nutritional intervention before the games. Although 51 coaches stated that they paid particular attention to the nutrition of their athletes, the median outcome on knowledge questions was 63.6%. Ninety percent of the coaches indicated that they deemed the information as being relevant. Overall, this novel intervention revealed a high satisfaction level among athletes and coaches in spite of the few gaps in promotion.

Key words: Diet, athlete, physical activity, food habits, food services, health promotion.