Journal of
Physical Education and Sport Management

  • Abbreviation: J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6486
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPESM
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 82

Full Length Research Paper

Root of knowledge in exercise physiology

Francisco Javier Calderón Montero
  • Francisco Javier Calderón Montero
  • Department of Health and Human Performance, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, C/ Martín Fierro nº7 28040, Madrid Spain.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 24 November 2015
  •  Accepted: 12 January 2016
  •  Published: 29 February 2016


This article aims to give a personal view on the training that teachers must acquire in order to teach an organism to respond and adapt to exercise and training, respectively. It is believed that to achieve a high degree of competence in exercise physiology; texts and manuals of human physiology need to be studied in great depth. In my personal view, once teachers have acquired and consolidated knowledge in human physiology, logical reasoning will be sufficient to enable them to understand the two main objectives of exercise physiology (response and adaptation). From this view point, the role of the nervous system in the interrelationship between locomotion and the cardio-respiratory system was reviewed by the author. Based on the interrelation between locomotion and cardiorespiratory function, two integrators parameters were analyzed for endurance exercises: the maximum oxygen consumption and anaerobic threshold. The analysis is intended to express an honest, relevant knowledge for any teacher in exercise physiology. But mostly, the purpose of this article is for the reader to think carefully about the need to know the functioning of the body at rest (human physiology) and through logical reasoning to know how it responds to exercise. In short, this article, based on the experience of teaching human physiology for 30 years, is both thoughtful and provocative. 

Key words: Human physiology, exercise physiology, response, adaptation, oxygen consumption, anaerobic threshold.