Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 569

Full Length Research Paper

Knowledge and risk perception of the middle-east respiratory syndrome corona virus [MERS-CoV] among Ivoirian hajj pilgrims in 2013

Daouda Coulibaly*
  • Daouda Coulibaly*
  • National Institute of Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Youssouf Traore
  • Youssouf Traore
  • National Institute of Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Anderson K. N’gattia
  • Anderson K. N’gattia
  • National Institute of Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Kouakou E.M. Ahoussou
  • Kouakou E.M. Ahoussou
  • National Institute of Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Elisee A Kangah
  • Elisee A Kangah
  • National Institute of Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Herve A Kadjo
  • Herve A Kadjo
  • Pasteur Institute of Cote d’Ivoire, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Djibril Cherif
  • Djibril Cherif
  • National Institute of Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Simplice N Dagnan
  • Simplice N Dagnan
  • National Institute of Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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  •  Received: 11 June 2016
  •  Accepted: 19 July 2016
  •  Published: 30 September 2016

Abstract

The 2013 Hajj (Muslims’ annual pilgrimage to Mecca) was marked by an outbreak of the middle-east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Saudi Arabia. In response to this threat, the Ivoirian health authorities carried out campaigns to inform and sensitize future pilgrims. Before departure to Saudi Arabia, a survey was conducted among the pilgrims to assess their level of knowledge about MERS-CoV as well as their perception concerning the risks of the illness. A cross-sectional study was carried out from September 19 to 29, 2013 at the Riviera Golf Mosque in Abidjan, a large gathering point for Hajj pilgrims. The sample size was estimated using a sampling rate of 10% on an estimated population of 4,500 pilgrim’s. 460 respondents were selected using simple random sampling. A logistic regression analysis was carried out using SPSS software. Overall, 255 (55.4%) people had knowledge about MERS-CoV. Among those aware of MERS-CoV, 63.5% (162) expressed fear of contracting the illness during the Hajj. In a multivariable analysis, factors significantly associated with the fear of contracting MERS-CoV were sex (OR=0.4; CI 95% = 0.225-0.723) and participation in a MERS-CoV sensitization campaign in Saudi Arabia (OR=1.80; CI 95% = 0.980-3, 270). Ivoirian hajj pilgrims expressed great fear about contracting MERS-CoV.

Key words: Knowledge, middle-east corona virus, Hajj.