This study was aimed to identify the distribution patterns of ABO and Rh-D blood group among the population of Chittagong city corporation area in Chittagong city of Bangladesh in order to promote social awareness, and safe blood transfusion among the population. A cross sectional, analytical study was carried out on a total of 937 people in three different area of Chittagong City Corporation (that is, Central railway building area, District commissioner hill area and Patenga sea beach area). The ABO blood group system in the total sample showed the same trend of prevalence with that of the general Indian subcontinent (B > O > A > AB). The same trend was found among males, but among females the order of prevalence was different (O > A > B > AB). Rh-D positive were 90.72% and Rh-D negative were 9.28%. Study of blood grouping is not only generating a simple database but also create a great social awareness about self-blood grouping and safe blood transfusion among the population of a country.
Key words: ABO, Rh-D, social awareness, agglutination method, Bangladesh.
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