Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 517

Full Length Research Paper

Factors associated with low birth weight at Tchamba District Hospital, Togo: 2014 to 2016

Hamadi Assane
  • Hamadi Assane
  • Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Pauline Kiswendsida Yanogo
  • Pauline Kiswendsida Yanogo
  • Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Agballa Mebiny-Essoh Tchalla Abalo
  • Agballa Mebiny-Essoh Tchalla Abalo
  • Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Afiwa Wembo Halatoko
  • Afiwa Wembo Halatoko
  • Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Mouchedou Abdoukarim Naba
  • Mouchedou Abdoukarim Naba
  • Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Fadima Diallo
  • Fadima Diallo
  • Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Abago Balaka
  • Abago Balaka
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lomé, Togo.
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Toyi Tchamdja
  • Toyi Tchamdja
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lomé, Togo.
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Kossi Badziklou
  • Kossi Badziklou
  • National Institute of Hygiene, Togo.
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Bernard Sawadogo
  • Bernard Sawadogo
  • Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Simon Antara
  • Simon Antara
  • Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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André McKenzie
  • André McKenzie
  • Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Djagadou Kodjo Agbéko
  • Djagadou Kodjo Agbéko
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lomé, Togo.
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Balaka Bahoura
  • Balaka Bahoura
  • Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lomé Togo.
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Messanvi Gbeassor
  • Messanvi Gbeassor
  • Department of Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lomé, Togo.
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Mamadou Sawadogo
  • Mamadou Sawadogo
  • Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Nicolas Meda
  • Nicolas Meda
  • Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Laurent Ouedraogo
  • Laurent Ouedraogo
  • Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine,University Joseph Ki-Zerbo,Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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  •  Received: 26 August 2019
  •  Accepted: 19 November 2019
  •  Published: 31 January 2020

Abstract

In 2013, in Togo, the Demographic and Health Survey III estimated the proportion of low birth weight at 10%. The objective of this study was to determine the factors associated with low birth weight in Togo. We conducted a case-control study on newborn records from Tchamba Hospital from 2014 to 2016. Cases were newborns with birth weight strictly below 2500 g whereas controls were those with a weight greater than or equal to 2500 g. There was one case for every two controls. Odd ratios were estimated using a multivariate logistic regression analysis. The sample consisted of 305 cases and 610 controls. Factors associated with low birth weight were gestational age less than 37 weeks (OR = 62.60, 95%CI [24.51 - 159.87], p  0.0001), maternal age below 18 years (OR = 2.41, 95%CI [1.11 - 5.22], p = 0.026), non-use of long-lasting treated mosquito nets (OR = 5.3, 95%CI [3.42 - 8.18], p ≤ 0,0001), and severe malaria during pregnancy (OR = 3.7, 95%CI [1.24 -11.04], p = 0.019). Almost all factors associated with low birth weight identified could be modified. We recommend raising awareness about the risk factors of low birth weight and malaria prevention.

Key words: Associated factors, low birth weight, newborn, Tchamba, Togo