Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 569

Full Length Research Paper

Risk factors, electrolyte disturbances and lipid profiles in sudanese patients with stroke

Hassan H. Musa*
  • Hassan H. Musa*
  • Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Khartoum, Sudan.
  • Google Scholar
Idriss H. Musa
  • Idriss H. Musa
  • udan Medical Specialization Boards, Khartoum, Sudan.
  • Google Scholar
Sarah M. El Sadig
  • Sarah M. El Sadig
  • Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 04 July 2015
  •  Accepted: 21 August 2015
  •  Published: 31 October 2015

Abstract

Stroke is a growing public health concern in low- and middle- income countries, however no systematic study has been conducted to elucidate possible causes of stroke among most low- and middle- income countries. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of stroke, associated risk factors, electrolyte disturbances and lipid profiles in Sudanese stroke patients. A retrospective hospital-based study was conducted for 188 stroke patients. A 59.6% of patients are males and 40.4% are females, 42.55% of their age ranged between 41 to 60 years, with mortality rate 17.02%. A 78.2% of patients had ischemic infarction and 21.8% had hemorrhage. Predisposing factors for the development of stroke was hypertension 43.6%, diabetes mellitus16.5%, heart disease 4.3%, smoking 3.7% and alcohol consumption 3.7%. Stroke patients had strong family history of hypertension 12.23%, diabetes mellitus 10.11%, stroke 3.72% and heart diseases 1.10%. The electrolyte disturbances and lipid profiles showed a significant different (P<0.05) between males and females in hemoglobin (HB), hematocrit (HCT), cholesterol and low density lipoprotein (LDL) levels, and a significant different (P<0.05) between ischemic and hemorrhage stroke in platelets (PLTs), potassium and HDL levels. Our results confirm a high prevalence of risk factors for stroke, and a better understanding of stroke risk factors and outcome may help guide efforts at reducing the community burden of stroke in Sudan.

 

Key words: Stroke subtypes, risk factors, lipid profiles, Sudan.