Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 584

Full Length Research Paper

Comparative assessment of fluid intake of sedentary and manual workers in Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria

Ibeh, Christian Chibuzo
  • Ibeh, Christian Chibuzo
  • Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria.
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Florence Obiageli Emelumadu
  • Florence Obiageli Emelumadu
  • Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria.
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Chigozie Ifeadike
  • Chigozie Ifeadike
  • Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria.
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Mary Jane Umeh
  • Mary Jane Umeh
  • Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria.
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Christian Ejike Onah
  • Christian Ejike Onah
  • Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria.
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Ahoma Victor Mbanuzuru
  • Ahoma Victor Mbanuzuru
  • Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria.
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Anugo Ogbuagu
  • Anugo Ogbuagu
  • Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria.
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Chijioke Ezenyeaku
  • Chijioke Ezenyeaku
  • Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria.
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Chioma Ajator
  • Chioma Ajator
  • Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria.
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Jisieike – Onuigbo Nonyelum
  • Jisieike – Onuigbo Nonyelum
  • Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria.
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Obi Darlington
  • Obi Darlington
  • Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria.
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Okonkwo Kenechukwu
  • Okonkwo Kenechukwu
  • Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 26 January 2021
  •  Accepted: 31 May 2021
  •  Published: 31 July 2021

Abstract

Daily fluid intake in individuals is known to be influenced by several factors such as climatic conditions, physical activities, nature of fluid and its availability, and behavioural responses. The high temperature of the tropics is expected to increase fluid intake, and more so for labor-intensive workers. The fluid intake of sedentary and manual workers in southeast Nigeria was assessed and compared with international benchmarks. A cross sectional study was conducted among 243 subjects from both groups. The subjects were assessed and data on socio-demographic variables, weight, height and 24 hour fluid intake documented. The fluid intake of the manual workers was significantly higher than that of sedentary workers. Higher proportions of manual workers met the fluid recommendations of WHO and the USA IOM for men on moderate activities. However, the manual workers fared poorly on fluid intake when compared with the WHO recommendation for manual workers operating in high temperatures. Though studies in other countries have shown deficiencies in populations meeting international benchmarks for fluid intake, its occurrence in workers operating in high temperatures of the tropics and its possible effects on body performance and health is of great concern and calls for public enlightenment for adequate intake.

Key words: Fluid intake, manual workers, sedentary workers, high temperature.