Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 569

Full Length Research Paper

Risk factors associated with cholera outbreak in Bauchi and Gombe States in North East Nigeria

Adeneye, A. K.
  • Adeneye, A. K.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Musa, A. Z.
  • Musa, A. Z.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Oyedeji, K. S.
  • Oyedeji, K. S.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Oladele, D.
  • Oladele, D.
  • Avian Influenza Control Project, Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
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Ochoga, M.
  • Ochoga, M.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Akinsinde, K. A.
  • Akinsinde, K. A.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Niemogha, M. T.
  • Niemogha, M. T.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Nwaokorie, F. O.
  • Nwaokorie, F. O.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Bamidele, T. A.
  • Bamidele, T. A.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Brai, B. I.
  • Brai, B. I.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Omonigbehin, E. A.
  • Omonigbehin, E. A.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Bamidele, M.
  • Bamidele, M.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Fesobi, T. W.
  • Fesobi, T. W.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Smith, S. I.
  • Smith, S. I.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Ujah, I. A. O.
  • Ujah, I. A. O.
  • Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, 6 Edmond Crescent, P. M. B. 2013, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 25 August 2016
  •  Accepted: 19 September 2016
  •  Published: 30 November 2016

Abstract

This study investigated the risk factors associated with cholera epidemic during the 2010 cholera outbreak in some States in Nigeria. Semi-structured questionnaires were administered to consented patients and/or their parents/guardians in Bauchi and Gombe States in North East Nigeria. Few (33.7%) respondents had access to safe and clean drinking water through the pipe-borne system compared to well (47.8%) and river (19.6%). Respondents’ means of sewage disposal were: pit/latrine (77.2%); bush (15.2%); and water closet (4.3%). Only 34.8% knew water, food and poor sanitation as transmission routes for cholera. There was a significant gender difference in knowledge of lack of safe and clean drinking water and poor sanitation as contributing factors to cholera infection (p<0.05). Observation showed poor sanitation and food hygiene practices in the communities visited.The results provided insights for planning educational programmes through information, education and communication/behavioral change communication efforts to boost knowledge on cholera in the communities.

 

Key words: Knowledge, perception, environmental sanitation, health behavior, cholera  outbreak, Nigeria.