Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 608

Full Length Research Paper

Knowledge and awareness of pregnant women on HIV and AIDS in Butwal, Nepal

Rudra Dahal
  • Rudra Dahal
  • 138 Tuscany Estates Drive, Northwest, T3L 2Z7 Calgary, AB, Canada.
  • Google Scholar
Khimananda Bhandari
  • Khimananda Bhandari
  • Department of Education, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Google Scholar
Kamala Adhikari
  • Kamala Adhikari
  • Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 09 March 2020
  •  Accepted: 30 April 2020
  •  Published: 30 June 2020


This study examined knowledge and awareness regarding HIV and AIDS among pregnant women in Butwal, Nepal. Pregnant women were selected using a systematic random sampling method from the antenatal care registry at every 5th and 10th interval. Although 80% of women mentioned unprotected sexual contact as the major route of HIV transmission, only 36.7% women knew that HIV can be transmitted from the infected mothers to their babies. Approximately half of the women (53.0%) mentioned foreign employees as a vulnerable group for HIV infection, followed by multiple sexual partners (41.0%), intravenous drug users (40.0%), commercial sex workers (35.0%), and labor migrants (25.0%). Although 71.7% women knew that proper use of a condom could easily prevent HIV transmission, few women knew other preventive ways (such as use of disposable syringes). Implementation of effective health education programs on HIV infection is needed for pregnant women in the study area.

Key words: Education, awareness, HIV and AIDS, pregnant women.