Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 531

Full Length Research Paper

Cognitive impairment among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia

Baye Dagnew
  • Baye Dagnew
  • Department of Medical Physiology, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.
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Amare Desalegn Wolide
  • Amare Desalegn Wolide
  • Department of Biomedical Sciences (Physiology), College of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
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Andualem Mossie
  • Andualem Mossie
  • Department of Biomedical Sciences (Physiology), College of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 15 August 2017
  •  Accepted: 21 September 2017
  •  Published: 30 November 2017

Abstract

Cognitive impairment is the major health problem particularly in elderly with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of cognitive impairment and associated factors among type 2 diabetics in Jimma University Specialized Hospital, 2016. Comparative cross sectional study was employed among 105 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and 105 matched healthy individuals at Jimma University Specialized Hospital using consecutive sampling technique. Mini-mental state examination scale was used to measure cognitive function. Frequency, independent t-test, and logistic regression were carried to present data. Variables with p≤0.05 were considered as significant association between dependent and outcome variables. Prevalence of cognitive impairment among type 2 diabetes mellitus was higher than healthy individuals (53.3%). Age, occupations, fasting blood glucose level, and type of treatment options for diabetics were the predictors of cognitive impairment among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. The prevalence of cognitive impairment among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients was significantly higher than non-diabetes study participants. This study was intended to offer information on cognitive impairment and associated factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients to concerned bodies in designing diagnosis and management strategies particularly focusing on counseling in preventing risk factors.

Key words: Cognitive impairment, type 2 diabetes mellitus, mini-mental state examination, Ethiopia.