Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 610

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of long-lasting insecticidal net coverage, use and physical integrity one year after universal distribution campaign in Plateau department in South-East Benin

Filémon T. Tokponnon
  • Filémon T. Tokponnon
  • National Malaria Control Program, Cotonou, Benin.Ministry of Health, Benin.Faculte des Sciences et Techniques de l’Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Benin.Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou (CREC), Cotonou, Benin.
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Yolande Sissinto
  • Yolande Sissinto
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé de l’Université d’Abomey Calavi, Benin.
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Aurore Hounto Ogouyémi
  • Aurore Hounto Ogouyémi
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé de l’Université d’Abomey Calavi, Benin.
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Arthur Sovi
  • Arthur Sovi
  • Faculte des Sciences et Techniques de l’Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Benin.Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou (CREC), Cotonou, Benin.
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Virgile Gnanguenon
  • Virgile Gnanguenon
  • Faculte des Sciences et Techniques de l’Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Benin.Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou (CREC), Cotonou, Benin.
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Adicath Adéola Adéothy
  • Adicath Adéola Adéothy
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé de l’Université d’Abomey Calavi, Benin.
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Abel Wapo
  • Abel Wapo
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé de l’Université d’Abomey Calavi, Benin.
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Bruno Aholoukpe
  • Bruno Aholoukpe
  • National Malaria Control Program, Cotonou, Benin.Ministry of Health, Benin.
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Patrick Makoutodé
  • Patrick Makoutodé
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé de l’Université d’Abomey Calavi, Benin.
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Alioun Adéchoubou
  • Alioun Adéchoubou
  • National Malaria Control Program, Cotonou, Benin.
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Ossè Razaki
  • Ossè Razaki
  • Faculte des Sciences et Techniques de l’Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Benin.Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou (CREC), Cotonou, Benin.
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Raphael N’guessan
  • Raphael N’guessan
  • London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Kepel Street, London, UK.
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Dina Gbénou
  • Dina Gbénou
  • World Health Organisation, Benin.
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Mariam Oke
  • Mariam Oke
  • National Malaria Control Program, Cotonou, Benin.Ministry of Health, Benin.
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Dorothée Kinde Gazard
  • Dorothée Kinde Gazard
  • Ministry of Health, Benin.
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Achille Massougbodji
  • Achille Massougbodji
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé de l’Université d’Abomey Calavi, Benin.
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Martin C. Akogbéto
  • Martin C. Akogbéto
  • Faculte des Sciences et Techniques de l’Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Benin.
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  •  Accepted: 20 January 2014
  •  Published: 28 February 2014

Abstract

Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) have proved to be an important tool for the malaria control and other vector-borne diseases. Benin, by its National Malaria Control Program, conducted in July, 2011 a universal distribution campaign where approximately 5 million of nets were distributed. But after this mass-distribution, questions arise: Do people effectively use or not use the mosquito nets freely distributed? To clarify these questions, this study was conducted on LLINs coverage, use and physical condition in Benin one year after their distribution. The households were randomly selected from 32 clusters. Data on bed net ownership and usage, physical condition of the nets, other characters and issues related to sourcing were asked of all targets to assess the origins of LLIN found at the household level. Of the total surveyed, 88.96% had at least one LLIN. 87.19% of these nets come from the last campaign, 9.1% were from pregnant women voucher clinic delivery systems and 3.20% were purchased full price. 84% of the nets were reportedly used the night preceding the survey. Around 89% of the total of LLINs observed was in good condition. The universal distribution campaign in Benin has significantly increased LLIN coverage and ownership policy in the community.

Key words: Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs), coverage, use, physical integrity, Benin.