Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection threatens the health of populations across the globe. It is an important occupational risk for health care workers (HCWs); they are known to be at high risk of the infection following needle stick injuries and accidental exposure to infected blood and other body fluids. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge, risk perception and hepatitis B vaccination status of HCWs in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, Nigeria. A descriptive cross-sectional study among 124 HCWs selected by multistage sampling technique was conducted in the months of February to April 2013. Informed consent was taken and information was collected by a pre-designed questionnaire, data analysis was done using computer software, SPSS version 20. Majority of respondents (86.3%) demonstrated good knowledge of HBV infection. Most of the respondents (92.7%) perceived themselves to be more at risk of HBV infection as compared to the general population by virtue of their profession. Only 50 (40.3%) of the 124 respondents have been vaccinated against HBV infection. In addition, only 28 (56.0%) of the 50 respondents that have been vaccinated against HBV infection had the recommended three doses of the vaccine. This study demonstrated poor uptake of hepatitis B vaccination among HCWs in UDUTH, Sokoto, Nigeria, despite good knowledge and high risk perception. Periodic education of staff on prevention of transmission of blood and other body fluids borne pathogens in the hospital setting, and promotion of accessibility to vaccines against relevant vaccine preventable diseases in the healthcare facilities are hereby suggested.
Key words: Knowledge, risk perception, hepatitis B, vaccination status, healthcare workers.
Copyright © 2019 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0