Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 569

Full Length Research Paper

Knowledge and attitudes of adult HIV positive patients to HIV/AIDS in Yola, Nigeria

Olutayo Folashade Martins
  • Olutayo Folashade Martins
  • Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
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Lekhraj Rampal*
  • Lekhraj Rampal*
  • Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
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Lye Munn-Sann
  • Lye Munn-Sann
  • Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
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Sherina Mohd Sidik
  • Sherina Mohd Sidik
  • Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
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Norlijah Othman
  • Norlijah Othman
  • Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
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Zubairu Iliyasu
  • Zubairu Iliyasu
  • Department of Community Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Kano state, Nigeria
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Fatai Kunle Salawu
  • Fatai Kunle Salawu
  • Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Center Yola, Adamawa state, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 13 May 2015
  •  Accepted: 28 May 2015
  •  Published: 31 July 2015

Abstract

Though cases of AIDS are visible in Nigeria and high awareness of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), correct knowledge on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and prevention has remained low with significant numbers of people living with HIV/AIDS having low attitudes towards life and the disease itself. This study determined the baseline knowledge on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and prevention and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS of adult HIV positive patient enrolled into care at all 4 comprehensive antiretroviral therapy (ART) sites in Yola, Nigeria. Baseline reports on the  knowledge and attitudes of adult HIV positive patients were obtained from a 3 arm  randomized single blind clinical trial involving 386 randomly selected and allocated adult HIV patients who were enrolled into ART care at all 4 comprehensive ART sites in Yola. The intervention was 10 to 15 min clinic based Clinician Client Centred counselling and the 3 groups were; intervention group1, intervention group 2 and the control group. An interviewer administered validated and reliable structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Outcome measures were sound knowledge on HIV transmission and prevention and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 22.  Test of significance was at α level 0.05. Overall 237 (61.4%) had sound knowledge on HIV transmission and prevention, while 346 (89.6%) of respondents had high attitudes towards HIV/AIDS. Though majority of respondents had sound knowledge on HIV transmission and prevention as well as high attitudes towards HIV/AIDS, interventions to improve knowledge and attitudes among this group of individuals would improve positive preventive strategies.

 

Key words: Adult HIV patients, knowledge, attitudes, HIV/AIDS.