Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 569

Full Length Research Paper

Empirical analysis of factors associated with neonatal length of stay in Sunyani, Ghana

Atinuke Adebanji
  • Atinuke Adebanji
  • Department of Mathematics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Shola Adeyemi*
  • Shola Adeyemi*
  • Sirtex Medical Europe GmbH, Bonn, Germany.
  • Google Scholar
Mark Gyamfi
  • Mark Gyamfi
  • Department of Applied Mathematics, University for Development Studies, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 01 October 2014
  •  Accepted: 26 January 2015
  •  Published: 31 March 2015

Abstract

Postpartum length of stay (LOS) in hospital continues to be a subject of intense discourse and research, especially for mothers of neonates born with low birth weight (LBW). This study investigates the association of total LOS (pre and postpartum) with a range of factors related to geo-demographics, maternal health and pregnancy history. It also provides simple estimates of likely duration of neonatal hospital length of stay based on data from two public hospitals at Sunyani, Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana. The LOS is affected by maternal age, parity (number of children ever born), neonate birth weight, maternal employment and income status. Smoking and consumption of locally brewed alcoholic drinks were also found to significantly prolong the total LOS. The Log-normal model was the best parametric model for total LOS.

 

Key words: Postpartum, neonates, Length of stay, log-normal, 2000 AMS subject classification, 62J12, 62P10.